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|A human wrist.|
|Gray's||subject #86 327|
In human anatomy, the wrist is the flexible and narrower connection between the forearm and the palm. The wrist is essentially a double row of small short bones, called carpals, intertwined to form a malleable hinge.
The wrist-joint (articulatio radiocarpea) is a condyloid articulation allowing three degrees of freedom.
Structure of joint
The parts forming it are the lower end of the radius and under surface of the articular disk above; and the scaphoid, lunate, and triquetral bones below.
The articular surface of the radius and the under surface of the articular disk form together a transversely elliptical concave surface, the receiving cavity.
The superior articular surfaces of the scaphoid, lunate, and triquetrum form a smooth convex surface, the condyle, which is received into the concavity.
The bones of the wrist can be easily remembered by the Acronym SLTPTTCH - Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle. These represent the bones in order of proximal row lateral to medial and then distal row lateral to medial: Scaphoid Lunate Triqetrium Pisiform Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate.
The joint is surrounded by a capsule, strengthened by the following ligaments:
- Palmar radiocarpal ligament
- Dorsal radiocarpal ligament
- Ulnar collateral ligament (wrist)
- Radial collateral ligament (wrist)
The synovial membrane lines the deep surfaces of the ligaments above described, extending from the margin of the lower end of the radius and articular disk above to the margins of the articular surfaces of the carpal bones below. It is loose and lax, and presents numerous folds, especially behind.
- Distal radius fracture
- Brunelli Procedure, related to instability in the wrist
- Wrist ligaments at upenn.edu
- Dictionary at eMedicine wrist
- Dictionary at eMedicine wrist+joint
- Hand kinesiology at University of Kansas bone/wrist.html
Joints and ligaments of upper limbs
sternoclavicular: anterior sternoclavicular - posterior sternoclavicular - interclavicular - costoclavicular
acromioclavicular: acromioclavicular - coracoclavicular (trapezoid, conoid) - coracoacromial - superior transverse scapular - inferior transverse of scapula
glenohumeral: coracohumeral - glenohumeral (superior, middle, and inferior) - transverse humeral - glenoid labrum
proximal radioulnar, humeroradial, humeroulnar: ulnar collateral - radial collateral - annular - oblique cord
distal radioulnar: volar radioulnar - dorsal radioulnar
wrist/radiocarpal: palmar radiocarpal - dorsal radiocarpal - ulnar collateral - radial collateral
intercarpal, midcarpal: pisohamate ligament - pisometacarpal ligament
carpometacarpal: dorsal carpometacarpal - palmar carpometacarpal
intermetacarpal: deep transverse metacarpal - superficial transverse metacarpal