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{{SocPsy}}
 
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{{rights}}
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The term '''women’s rights''' typically refers to [[Freedom (political)|freedoms]] inherently possessed by women and girls of all ages, which may be institutionalized or ignored and/or illegitimately suppressed by law or custom in a particular society. These liberties are grouped together and differentiated from broader notions of [[human rights]] because they often differ from the freedoms inherently possessed by and/or recognized for men and boys, and because activism surrounding this issue claims an inherent historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women.
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Feminism and most modern sociological theory maintain that the differences between men and women are, at least in part, socially constructed 'differences' , (i.e. determined through history by specific human groups), rather than biologically determined, immutable conditions. See articles about [[women]], the term some feminists see as a "gender unbiased term."
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Issues commonly associated with notions of women's rights include, though are not limited to:
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* The right to bodily integrity and autonomy,
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* The right to [[suffrage|vote]],
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* The right to hold public office,
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* The right to work,
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* The right to [[equal pay|fair wages]],
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* The right to own [[property]],
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* The right to [[education]],
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* [[marriage|Marital]] rights,
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* [[parenting|Parental]] rights,
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* [[Religious]] rights,
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* The right to serve in the [[military]], and
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* The right to enter into legal [[contracts]].
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==Notable women’s rights activists==
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<gallery>
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Image:Luisa_Capetillo.JPG | [[Luisa Capetillo]]
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Image:Susan_B_Anthony_Older_Years.gif | [[Susan B. Anthony]]
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</gallery>
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* [[Guru Nanak]] (1469-1539) The founder of [[Sikhism]] is believed to the first male leader to promote [[Women in Sikhism|equal rights for Women]].
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*[[Sor Juana]] (c. 1651-1695) - [[Mexico|Mexican]] [[nun]], scholar, and proponent of women’s education
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*[[Mary Wollstonecraft]] (1759-1797) - author of ''[[A Vindication of the Rights of Women]],'' advocate of women’s equality and rationality
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*[[Táhirih]] (?-1852) - [[Bábí]] poet, theologian, and proponent of women's rights in 19th-century [[Iran]].
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*[[Elizabeth Cady Stanton]] (1815-1902) - [[United States|American]] social activist, abolitionist, and suffragette, organizer of the [[1848 Women's Rights Convention]], co-founder of the [[National Woman's Suffrage Association]] and the [[International Council of Women]]
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*[[Susan B. Anthony]] (1820-1906) - [[United States|American]] civil rights leader and suffragette, co-founder of the [[National Woman's Suffrage Association]], tried for casting a vote in the [[United States presidential election, 1872|1872 presidential election]]
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*[[Jyotiba Phule]] (1827-1890) - [[India|Indian]] social reformer, critic of the [[Indian caste system|caste system]], founded a school for girls, a widow-remarriage initiative, a home for upper caste widows, and a home for infant girls to discourage female infanticide
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*[[Marianne Hainisch]] (1839-1936) - [[Austria|Austrian]] activist, proponent of women’s right to work and to receive education
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*[[Kate Sheppard]] (1847-1934) - [[New Zealand]] suffragette, influential in winning voting rights for women in 1893 (the first national election in which women were allowed to vote)
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*[[Emmeline Pankhurst]] (1858 – 1928) was one of the founders of the [[United Kingdom|British]] [[suffragette]] movement
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*[[Ida B. Wells]] (1862-1931) - [[United States|American]] civil rights and anti-[[lynching]] activist, suffragette noted for her refusal to avoid media attention because she was [[African American]]
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*[[Qasim Amin]] (1863-1908) - [[Egypt|Egyptian]] jurist, early advocate of women’s rights in [[Islam|Islamic]] society
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*[[Kartini|Raden Adjeng Kartini]] (1879-1904) - [[Javanese]] advocate for native [[Indonesia|Indonesian]] women, critic of polygamous marriages and lack of education opportunities for women
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*[[Luisa Capetillo]] (1879-1922) - [[Puerto Rico|Puerto Rican]] [[trade union|labor union]] suffragette; jailed for wearing pants in public
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*[[Hoda Shaarawi]] (1879-1947) - Egyptian feminist, organizer for the Mubarrat Muhammad Ali (women’s social service organization), the Union of Educated Egyption Women and the Wafdist Women’s Central Committee, founder and first president of the [[Egyptian Feminist Union]]
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*[[Dora Russell]] (1894-1986) - British progressive campaigner, advocate of marriage reform, birth control and female emancipation
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*[[Begum Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan]] (1905-1990) - [[India|Indian]] - [[Pakistan|Pakistani]] activist, founder of the All Pakistan Women’s Association, organizer of women’s nursing and first aid corps to help refugees in Delhi despite public resistance to women working outside the home
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*[[Susan Fauer]] (1941 –) was one of the founders of the Women's Free Trade Movement
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*[[Shirin Ebadi]] (1947-) On December 10, 2003, Ebadi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights, especially for the rights of women and children.
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*[[Unity Dow]] (born 1959) - judge and writer from [[Botswana]], plaintiff in a case that allowed children of [[Motswana]] women and foreign men to be considered [[Batswana]].
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*[[Nawal el-Saadawi]] (born 1931) - Egyptian writer and doctor, advocate for women’s health and equality
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*[[Carolyn Egan]] (birthdate unknown) - [[Canada|Canadian]]-American trade unionist and feminist, advocate for women’s reproductive rights, including access to birth control, abortion, and sex education
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*[[Shamima Shaikh]] (1960-1998) - [[South Africa|South African]] activist, member of the Muslim Youth Movement of South Africa, proponent of Islamic gender equality
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==See also==
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* [[Equal Rights Amendment]] (ERA)
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* [[Feminism]] - the core ideology behind women's rights
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* [[International Women's Rights Action Watch]] ([[IWRAW]])
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* [[Legal rights of women in history]]
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* [[Reproductive rights]] - within "women's rights," issues
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regarding "reproductive freedom"
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* The [[Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women]] (CEDAW)
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* [[List of suffragists and suffragettes]]
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* [[List of democracy and elections-related topics]]
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* [[suffragette]]
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* [[League of Women Voters]]
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* [[National Woman's Suffrage Association]]
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* [[Seneca Falls Convention]], [[Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments]]
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* ''[[The New Northwest]]''
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* [[Women in the Victorian Era]]
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* [[Women in Sikhism]]
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* [[Women's political rights in Bahrain]]
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* [[Section Twenty-eight of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms]]
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* [[Women's suffrage in South Carolina]]
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* [[Women's suffrage]]
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* [[Women in Islam]]
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*[[Teaching for social justice]]
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==External links==
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* [http://roedepot.com Roe Depot ~ a forum on reproductive rights & alternative birth control]
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* [http://www.ansarburney.org/ Ansar Burney Trust] working for women's rights in the Middle East
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* [http://www.hrw.org/women/ Human Rights Watch: Women's Rights]
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* [http://www.omct.org/index.php?id=EQL&lang=eng World Organization Against Torture: No Violence Against Women]
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* [http://othello.alma.edu/~07tmhopk/womeninthechurch.html Women in the (Christian) Church] essay arguing against ordination of women in the Christian church
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* [http://www.loadedissues.com Women's Rights]
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* [http://www.intifada-des-perles.org/index_017.htm How parental rights are not granted to women when it comes to divorce and children's movement]
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* [http://www.legalferret.com Weaver v NATFHE (now part of UCU)]race discrimination case. Union's policy of not providing complainants of racist harassment with advice and assistance because the person accused of harassment could lose his job upheld by Industrial Tribunal. Employment Appeal Tribunal upheld this decision and extended it to cases of sexist harassment.
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== References ==
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<references/>
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[[Category:Women's rights| ]]
 
[[Category:Women's rights| ]]
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:es:Derechos de la mujer
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:fr:Droits des femmes
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:pt:Direitos da Mulher
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{{enWP|Women's rights}}

Revision as of 20:05, 16 May 2012

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Rights
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Women's rights
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The term women’s rights typically refers to freedoms inherently possessed by women and girls of all ages, which may be institutionalized or ignored and/or illegitimately suppressed by law or custom in a particular society. These liberties are grouped together and differentiated from broader notions of human rights because they often differ from the freedoms inherently possessed by and/or recognized for men and boys, and because activism surrounding this issue claims an inherent historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women.

Feminism and most modern sociological theory maintain that the differences between men and women are, at least in part, socially constructed 'differences' , (i.e. determined through history by specific human groups), rather than biologically determined, immutable conditions. See articles about women, the term some feminists see as a "gender unbiased term."

Issues commonly associated with notions of women's rights include, though are not limited to:


Notable women’s rights activists

  • Táhirih (?-1852) - Bábí poet, theologian, and proponent of women's rights in 19th-century Iran.
  • Jyotiba Phule (1827-1890) - Indian social reformer, critic of the caste system, founded a school for girls, a widow-remarriage initiative, a home for upper caste widows, and a home for infant girls to discourage female infanticide
  • Kate Sheppard (1847-1934) - New Zealand suffragette, influential in winning voting rights for women in 1893 (the first national election in which women were allowed to vote)
  • Hoda Shaarawi (1879-1947) - Egyptian feminist, organizer for the Mubarrat Muhammad Ali (women’s social service organization), the Union of Educated Egyption Women and the Wafdist Women’s Central Committee, founder and first president of the Egyptian Feminist Union
  • Dora Russell (1894-1986) - British progressive campaigner, advocate of marriage reform, birth control and female emancipation
  • Begum Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan (1905-1990) - Indian - Pakistani activist, founder of the All Pakistan Women’s Association, organizer of women’s nursing and first aid corps to help refugees in Delhi despite public resistance to women working outside the home
  • Susan Fauer (1941 –) was one of the founders of the Women's Free Trade Movement
  • Shirin Ebadi (1947-) On December 10, 2003, Ebadi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights, especially for the rights of women and children.
  • Nawal el-Saadawi (born 1931) - Egyptian writer and doctor, advocate for women’s health and equality
  • Carolyn Egan (birthdate unknown) - Canadian-American trade unionist and feminist, advocate for women’s reproductive rights, including access to birth control, abortion, and sex education
  • Shamima Shaikh (1960-1998) - South African activist, member of the Muslim Youth Movement of South Africa, proponent of Islamic gender equality

See also

regarding "reproductive freedom"

External links

References


es:Derechos de la mujer
fr:Droits des femmes
pt:Direitos da Mulher
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