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Visual skills can be divided to into two main categories: visual perceptual motor skills and ocular motor skills. Many of these visual skills are developed post-natally and often involve processing visual (sight) and other sensory input.

Visual perceptual motor skills[edit | edit source]

Visual perceptual motor skills involve processing and using visual information. These skills also help with planning and guiding eye/body movements.

  • visual memory (eg recall visual information in chunks or in spatial/temporal sequence)
  • visual spatial (eg mapping locations, direction concepts)
  • visual analysis (eg matching, discriminating, identifying)
  • visual motor integration (eg hand-eye coordination, visually guided mobility)
  • visual auditory integration (eg matching sounds with image or symbol, decoding & encoding auditory to visual information)
  • visualization (eg manipulation - can imagine flips & rotations or image, other)

Ocular motor skills[edit | edit source]

Ocular motor skills include control of eye movements, fixations (looking at something at specific location in space) and focus.

See also[edit | edit source]

Visual skills are not to be confused with other eye sight and health topics such as: vision, visual acuity, depth perception, color vision, disease, anomalies, conditions, developmental problems

Some eye care professionals assess various visual skills.

Older Notes[edit | edit source]

Visual skills help the brain procure information about its surroundings. Visual skills include, but are not limited to, binocular fusion (the ability to form a unified image from the two eyes), accommodative facility (the ability to re-focus rapidly from far to near and back again), and saccadic tracking (the ability to move the eyes rapidly and accurately from one word or phrase to the next).

A person who is "20/20," with excellent visual acuity, can have deficient visual skills, because skills are not closely correlated with acuity[How to reference and link to summary or text].

Current research suggests that good visual skills, which must be learned, correlate with superior academic performance.[How to reference and link to summary or text] However, other research shows that myopic (nearsighted) people average higher IQs because they read more Myopia#Education.2C_intelligence.2C_and_IQ

See also[edit | edit source]

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