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{{BioPsy}}The '''subcortex''' is the part of the [[brain]] that lies directly below the [[cerebral cortex]]..It consists of three main divisions.
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{{BioPsy}}The '''subcortex''' is the part of the [[brain]] that lies directly below the [[cerebral cortex]].
   
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It consists of three main divisions.
 
*The [[basal ganglia]], which lies in each hemisphere and is involved in motor control and skills learning. Disorders to this area cause either [[hypokinetic]] (poverty of movement) or [[hyperkinetic]] (excess of movement) problems. Examples include [[Parkinson's]] and [[Huntington's disease]].
 
*The [[basal ganglia]], which lies in each hemisphere and is involved in motor control and skills learning. Disorders to this area cause either [[hypokinetic]] (poverty of movement) or [[hyperkinetic]] (excess of movement) problems. Examples include [[Parkinson's]] and [[Huntington's disease]].
 
*The [[limbic system]]. It is primarily involved in the detection and expression of [[emotion]]. Of its components, the [[amygdala]] detects fearful or threatening objects, and the [[hippocampus]] is involved in [[laughter]] and the connection between the amygdala, [[thalamus]] and hippocampus is associated with positive feelings. The hippocampus also plays an important role in learning, memory and detecting [[novelty]].
 
*The [[limbic system]]. It is primarily involved in the detection and expression of [[emotion]]. Of its components, the [[amygdala]] detects fearful or threatening objects, and the [[hippocampus]] is involved in [[laughter]] and the connection between the amygdala, [[thalamus]] and hippocampus is associated with positive feelings. The hippocampus also plays an important role in learning, memory and detecting [[novelty]].

Latest revision as of 10:37, 7 March 2021

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The subcortex is the part of the brain that lies directly below the cerebral cortex.

It consists of three main divisions.

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