Psychology Wiki
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'''Speech therapy''' or '''Speech-language therapy''' is the study of disorders that affect a person's [[speech]], [[language]], cognition, voice, swallowing ([[dysphagia]]) and the [[Physical medicine and rehabilitation|rehabilitative]] or corrective treatment of physical and/or [[cognition|cognitive]] deficits/[[Speech disorder|disorders]] resulting in difficulty with [[communication]] and/or [[swallowing]]. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) or Speech and Language Therapists (SLTs) address people's speech production, vocal production, swallowing difficulties and language needs through speech therapy in a variety of different contexts including [[schools]], [[hospitals]], and through private practice.
'''Speech therapy''' is the corrective or rehabilitative treatment of physical and/or cognitive deficits/[[disorder]]s resulting in difficulty with verbal [[communication]]. This includes both [[speech]] (articulation, intonation, rate, intensity) and [[language]] ([[phonology]], morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, both receptive and expressive language, including reading and writing). Depending on the nature and severity of the disorder, common treatments may range from physical strengthening exercises, instructive or repetitive practice and drilling, to the use of audio-visual aids.
 
   
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Communication includes [[Speech communication|speech]] (articulation, intonation, rate, intensity), [[language]] ([[phonology]], [[morphology (linguistics)|morphology]], [[syntax]], [[semantics]], [[pragmatics]]), both receptive and expressive language (including [[reading (activity)|reading]] and [[writing]]), and non-verbal communication such as facial expression and [[gesture]]. Swallowing problems managed under speech therapy are problems in the oral, [[Larynx|laryngeal]], and/or [[Pharynx|pharyngeal]] stages of swallowing (not [[Esophagus|oesophageal]]).
Speech and language therapists (SLTs), or Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) are allied health professionals. They work with children and adults who have difficulties with communication, or with eating, drinking and swallowing. (However, difficulties with eating and drinking may also fall under the scope of the occupational therapists profession.)
 
   
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Depending on the nature and severity of the disorder, common treatments may range from physical strengthening [[exercise]]s, instructive or repetitive practice and drilling, to the use of audio-visual aids and introduction of strategies to facilitate functional [[communication]]. Speech therapy may also include [[sign language]] and the use of picture symbols (Diehl 2003).
Speech and language therapists work closely with parents and caregivers and other professionals, such as teachers, nurses, occupational therapists and doctors.
 
   
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The practice is called:
Health Services employ most SLTs. Other therapists work for education services or charities. Some therapists work independently and treat patients privately.
 
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*'''Speech-language pathology''' (SLP) in the United States and Canada
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*'''Speech and language therapy''' (SLT) in the United Kingdom, Ireland and South Africa
 
*'''Speech pathology''' in Australia
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*'''Speech-language therapy''' in New Zealand
   
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Speech and language therapists work in community health centres, hospital wards and outpatient departments, mainstream and special schools, day centres and in their clients' homes. Some now work in courtrooms, prisons and young offenders' institutions.
 
 
[[Speech therapists]] or '''Speech and language therapists''' (SLTs), or '''Speech-Language Pathologists''' (SLPs) are allied health professionals. They work with children and adults who have difficulties with communication, or with eating, drinking and swallowing. (However, difficulties with eating and drinking may also fall under the scope of the occupational therapists profession.)
   
 
Speech and language therapists work with:
 
Speech and language therapists work with:
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=See Also=
 
=See Also=
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* [[Augmentative communication]]
 
* [[Augmentative and Alternative Communication]]
 
* [[Blissymbols]]
 
* [[Chorditis]]
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* [[Communication disorders]]
 
* [[Oral myology]]
 
* [[Phoniatrics]]
 
* [[Speech delay]]
 
* [[Speech impediment]]
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* [[Speech pathology]]
   
*[[Augmentative and Alternative Communication]]
 
*[[Blissymbols]]
 
*[[Chorditis]]
 
*[[Oral myology]]
 
*[[Phoniatrics]]
 
*[[Speech delay]]
 
*[[Speech impediment]]
 
*[[Speech pathology]]
 
   
 
[[Category:Rehabilitation medicine]]
 
[[Category:Rehabilitation medicine]]
 
[[Category:Special education|S]]
 
[[Category:Special education|S]]
[[Category:Therapy]]
 
 
[[Category:Speech]]
 
[[Category:Speech]]
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[[Category:Speech therapy]]
 
[[Category:Therapy]]
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[[Category:Treatment]]
   
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Latest revision as of 21:03, 17 December 2008

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Speech therapy or Speech-language therapy is the study of disorders that affect a person's speech, language, cognition, voice, swallowing (dysphagia) and the rehabilitative or corrective treatment of physical and/or cognitive deficits/disorders resulting in difficulty with communication and/or swallowing. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) or Speech and Language Therapists (SLTs) address people's speech production, vocal production, swallowing difficulties and language needs through speech therapy in a variety of different contexts including schools, hospitals, and through private practice.

Communication includes speech (articulation, intonation, rate, intensity), language (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics), both receptive and expressive language (including reading and writing), and non-verbal communication such as facial expression and gesture. Swallowing problems managed under speech therapy are problems in the oral, laryngeal, and/or pharyngeal stages of swallowing (not oesophageal).

Depending on the nature and severity of the disorder, common treatments may range from physical strengthening exercises, instructive or repetitive practice and drilling, to the use of audio-visual aids and introduction of strategies to facilitate functional communication. Speech therapy may also include sign language and the use of picture symbols (Diehl 2003).

The practice is called:

  • Speech-language pathology (SLP) in the United States and Canada
  • Speech and language therapy (SLT) in the United Kingdom, Ireland and South Africa
  • Speech pathology in Australia
  • Speech-language therapy in New Zealand


Speech therapists or Speech and language therapists (SLTs), or Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) are allied health professionals. They work with children and adults who have difficulties with communication, or with eating, drinking and swallowing. (However, difficulties with eating and drinking may also fall under the scope of the occupational therapists profession.)

Speech and language therapists work with:


See Also[]

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