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Sensory integration dysfunction is a disorder characterized by a sensory integration deficit.[citation needed] The more current diagnostic nosology (Miller et al., 2007) uses the term sensory processing disorder to describe this condition.

Sensory integration dysfunction (SID) was first studied in-depth by Anna Jean Ayres. Ayres describes sensory integration as the ability to organize sensory information for use by the brain. An individual with sensory integration dysfunction would therefore have an inability to organize sensory information as it comes in through the senses.[1]

As a symptom[edit | edit source]

Along with sensory processing dysfunction, the term sensory integration dysfunction is used informally in the medical literature to describe any such difficulty. Various conditions can involve sensory integration dysfunction, such as schizophrenia,[2][3][4] succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency,[5] primary nocturnal enuresis,[6] prenatal alcohol exposure, learning difficulties[7] and autism,[8][9][10] as well as people with traumatic brain injury[11] or who have had cochlear implants placed.[12]

As a discrete disorder[edit | edit source]

The concept of sensory integration dysfunction as a discrete disorder was popularized by Anna Jean Ayres, an occupational therapist. Today, some occupational therapists argue in favor of creating a discrete diagnostic category for sensory integration dysfunction,[citation needed] but this position is disputed.[13][14] SID is not a recognized diagnosis in the DSM-IV-TR or the ICD-10.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ayres, A. J. (2005). Sensory Integration and the Child: 25th Anniversary Edition. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
  2. PMID 17928202 (PMID 17928202)
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  3. PMID 17823650 (PMID 17823650)
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  4. PMID 11115328 (PMID 11115328)
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  5. PMID 19381864 (PMID 19381864)
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  6. PMID 18947482 (PMID 18947482)
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  7. *PMID 18269511 (PMID 18269511)
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  8. PMID 19644746 (PMID 19644746)
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  9. PMID 17436841 (PMID 17436841)
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  10. PMID 17353213 (PMID 17353213)
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  11. PMID 16823309 (PMID 16823309)
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  12. PMID 19432059 (PMID 19432059)
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  13. Heilbroner PL. Why "sensory integration disorder" is a dubious diagnosis. QuackWatch. URL accessed on 2008-06-02.
  14. Newman B (2000). On inventing your own disorder. Skeptical Inquirer 24 (6): 56–57.

Sources[edit | edit source]

PubMed[edit | edit source]

Sensory integration dysfunction[edit | edit source]
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Sensory processing dysfunction[edit | edit source]
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Sensory processing disorder[edit | edit source]
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Other sources[edit | edit source]


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