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Self-sacrifice (also called self-abnegation ) refers to altruistic abstinence - the willingness to forego personal pleasures or undergo personal trials in the pursuit of the increased good of another. Various religions and cultures take differing views of self-denial, some considering it a positive trait and others considering it a negative one. According to some Christians, self-denial is considered a superhuman virtue only obtainable through Jesus. Some critics of self-denial suggest that self-denial can lead to self-hatred and claim that the self-denial practiced in Judaism has created self-hating Jews.
- Arthur I. Waskow (1991). Seasons of our Joy: A Modern Guide to the Jewish Holidays, Boston: Beacon Press. URL accessed September 2, 2011.
- Tina Besley; Michael A. Peters (2007). Subjectivity & Truth: Foucault, Education, and the Culture of Self, New York: Peter Lang. URL accessed September 2, 2011.
- Brian Stewart Hook; Russell R. Reno (2000). Heroism and the Christian Life: Reclaiming Excellence, Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press. URL accessed September 2, 2011.
- David Jan Sorkin (1999). The Transformation of German Jewry, 1780-1840, Detroit: Wayne State University Press. URL accessed September 2, 2011.