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This family is known as Family B, the secretin-receptor family or family 2 of the G-protein-coupled receptors.They have been described in many animal species, but not in plants, fungi or prokaryotes. Three distinct sub-families (B1-B3) are recognized. Many secretin receptors are regulated by peptide hormoness from the glucagon hormone family.
The secretin-like GPCRs include secretin, calcitonin, parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptides and vasoactive intestinal peptide receptors, all of which activate adenylyl cyclase and the phosphatidyl-inositol-calcium pathway. These receptors have 7 transmembrane helices, like rhodopsin-like GPCRs. However,there is no significant sequence identity between these families: the secretin-like receptors thus bear their own unique '7TM' signature.
Subfamily B1[edit | edit source]
- Adenylate cyclase-activating type 1 receptor, pituitary Template:InterPro
- Calcitonin receptor Template:InterPro
- Corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor Template:InterPro
- Glucagon receptor-related Template:InterPro
- Growth hormone releasing hormone receptor Template:InterPro
- Parathyroid hormone receptor Template:InterPro
- Secretin receptor Template:InterPro
- Vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor Template:InterPro
Subfamily B2[edit | edit source]
Subfamily B2 contains receptors with long extracellular N-termini, such as the leukocyte cell-surface antigen CD97; calcium-independent receptors for latrotoxin (such as UniProt O94910, and brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor receptors (such as UniProt O14514) amongst others.
- Brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor Template:InterPro
- CD97 antigen Template:InterPro
- EMR hormone receptor Template:InterPro
- Gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor Template:InterPro
- GPR56 orphan receptor Template:InterPro
- Latrophilin receptor Template:InterPro
Subfamily B3[edit | edit source]
Subfamily B3 includes Methuselah and other Drosophila proteins. Other than the typical seven-transmembrane region, characteristic structural features include an amino-terminal extracellular domain involved in ligand binding, and an intracellular loop (IC3) required for specific G-protein coupling.
Unclassified subfamilies[edit | edit source]
Unclassified members[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Harmar AJ (2001). Family-B G-protein-coupled receptors. Genome Biol. 2 (12): REVIEWS3013.
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