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SMART is a mnemonic used in project management at the project objective setting stage. It is a way of evaluating if the objectives that are being set are appropriate for the individual project. The term is also in common usage in performance management, whereby goals and targets set for employees must fulfill the criteria.
The origin of the term is unknown, but Peter Drucker, in his 1954 seminal work, "The Practice of Management" outlined a system that was very similar to SMART objectives while discussing objective-based management.
Terms behind the letters[edit | edit source]
There is no clear consensus about precisely what the five keywords mean, or even what they are in any given situation. Typically accepted values are:
|Letter||Major Term||Minor Terms|
|S||Specific||Significant, Stretching, Simple|
|M||Measurable||Meaningful, Motivational, Manageable|
|A||Attainable||Appropriate, Achievable, Agreed, Assignable , Actionable, Action-oriented, Ambitious|
|R||Relevant||Realistic, Results/Results-focused/Results-oriented, Resourced, Rewarding|
|T||Time-bound||Time framed, Timed, Time-based, Timeboxed, Timely, Timebound, Time-Specific, Timetabled, Trackable, Tangible|
Choosing certain combinations of these labels can cause duplication; such as selecting Attainable and Realistic; or can cause significant overlapping as in combining Measurable and Results; Appropriate and Relevant etc. Agreed is often used in management situations where buy-in from stakeholders is desirable.
Richard and Becky Dufour [How to reference and link to summary or text] have popularized the term, "SMART Goals" in schools and districts throughout the United States. Grade level and department teams of teachers determine their SMART goal. The SMART goal helps to focus the team on one goal which the whole team is accountable for achieving. Teams are continuously asking three questions: (1)What do we want our students to learn? (2) How will we know if they learn it? (3) What will we do if they don't learn it?
References[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
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