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==Rhythm in linguistics==
 
==Rhythm in linguistics==
The study of [[speech rhythm]], stress, and [[pitch (music)|pitch]] in [[Speech communication|speech]] is called [[Prosody (linguistics)|prosody]]; it is a topic in [[linguistics]]. Narmour (1980, p.147-53) describes three categories of prosodic rules which create rhythmic successions which are additive (same duration repeated), cumulative (short-long), or countercumulative (long-short). Cumulation is associated with closure or relaxation, countercumulation with openness or tension, while additive rhythms are open-ended and repetitive. Richard Middleton points out this method cannot account for [[syncopation]] and suggests the concept of [[Transformation (music)|transformation]].
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The study of rhythm, stress, and [[pitch (music)|pitch]] in [[Speech communication|speech]] is called [[Prosody (linguistics)|prosody]]; it is a topic in [[linguistics]]. Narmour (1980, p.147-53) describes three categories of prosodic rules which create rhythmic successions which are additive (same duration repeated), cumulative (short-long), or countercumulative (long-short). Cumulation is associated with closure or relaxation, countercumulation with openness or tension, while additive rhythms are open-ended and repetitive. Richard Middleton points out this method cannot account for [[syncopation]] and suggests the concept of [[Transformation (music)|transformation]].
   
 
A [[rhythmic unit]] is a [[durational pattern]] which occupies a period of time equivalent to a [[pulse (music)|pulse]] or pulses on an underlying [[metric level]], as opposed to a [[rhythmic gesture]] which does not (DeLone et al. (Eds.), 1975, chap. 3).
 
A [[rhythmic unit]] is a [[durational pattern]] which occupies a period of time equivalent to a [[pulse (music)|pulse]] or pulses on an underlying [[metric level]], as opposed to a [[rhythmic gesture]] which does not (DeLone et al. (Eds.), 1975, chap. 3).

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