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|Artery: Posterior inferior cerebellar artery|
|The three major arteries of the cerebellum: the SCA, AICA, and PICA. (Posterior inferior cerebellar artery is PICA.)|
|Diagram of the arterial circulation at the base of the brain. (PICA is labeled at bottom right.)|
|Latin||arteria cerebelli inferior posterior|
|Gray's||subject #148 580|
|Supplies||cerebellum, choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle|
|To||medial branch |
|Vein||inferior cerebellar veins|
The posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), the largest branch of the vertebral artery, is one of the three main arterial blood supplies for the cerebellum, part of the brain. Occlusion of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery or one of its branches, or of the vertebral artery leads to Wallenberg syndrome, also called lateral medullary syndrome.
It winds backward around the upper part of the medulla oblongata, passing between the origins of the vagus and accessory nerves, over the inferior cerebellar peduncle to the undersurface of the cerebellum, where it divides into two branches.
The medial branch continues backward to the notch between the two hemispheres of the cerebellum; while the lateral supplies the under surface of the cerebellum, as far as its lateral border, where it anastomoses with the anterior inferior cerebellar and the superior cerebellar branches of the basilar artery.
Infarction of this artery due to thrombosis or a stroke leads to lateral medullary syndrome, also known as PICA syndrome or Wallenberg syndrome. Severe occlusion of this or vertebral arteries could lead to Horner's Syndrome as well.
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.
List of arteries of head and neck
superior thyroid (superior laryngeal) - lingual (sublingual)
facial: cervical branches (ascending palatine, tonsillar, submental, glandular) - facial branches (inferior labial, superior labial, lateral nasal, angular)
|Posterior and ascending: CC/EC||
occipital - posterior auricular (stylomastoid) - ascending pharyngeal (meningeal branches)
|Terminal, superficial temporal: CC/EC||
transverse facial - middle temporal (zygomaticoörbital) - anterior auricular - frontal - parietal
|Terminal, maxillary: CC/EC||
1st part: anterior tympanic - deep auricular - middle meningeal (superior tympanic) - accessory meningeal - inferior alveolar (mylohyoid)
|portions #1 and 2: CC/IC||
cervical portion (carotid sinus) - petrous portion (Vidian, caroticotympanic)
|cavernous portion/ophthalmic: CC/IC||
orbital group: lacrimal (lateral palpebral) - supraorbital - posterior ethmoidal - anterior ethmoidal - medial palpebral - supratrochlear - dorsal nasal
|cerebral portion: CC/IC|
|vertebral artery: SC|
|thyrocervical trunk: SC||
inferior thyroid (inferior laryngeal, tracheal, esophageal, ascending cervical) - suprascapular - transverse cervical - dorsal scapular
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