Individual differences |
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Pavlov's typology of higher nervous activity was the first systematic approach to the psychophysiology of individual differences.
The behavioral expressions of the Pavlovian constructs of CNS properties strength of excitation, strength of inhibition, and mobility of nervous processes as measured by the Pavlovian Temperament Survey (PTS) have been related to over a dozen personality dimensions
Pavlov's theory has been further developed by Teplov, Nebylitsyn and their pupils in the Institute of Psychology,Moscow. In particular, Nebylitsyn has delineated a new property of the nervous system and has shown that it is different from strength of the nervous system, in effect distinguishing between arousal and conditioning level
- Hans Eysenck theory of the physiological bases of extraversion/introversion
- Jeffrey Alan Gray concept of arousability.
- Ivan Pavlov
References & Bibliography
- Gray, J A (1964) Pavlov's Typology. Elsevier ISBN 0080100767
- Kozulin, A ((1981)) The influence of the personality of the scientist on his theorizing: I. P. Pavlov and the concept of human signal systems.Studies in East European Thought Vol 22, Number 4 ISSN 0925-9392 (Print) ISSN 1573-0948 (Online)
- MacMillan,M. (1963). Pavlov's typology. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease 13, 447-454.
- Strelau, J (1997) The Contribution of Pavlov's Typology of CNS Properties to Personality Research. European Psychologist, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1997 ISSN 1016-9040