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The [[parahippocampal place area]] (PPA) is a subregion of the parahippocampal gyrus that plays an important role in [[memory]] and [[recognition]] of scenes (rather than faces or objects). It first appeared in amphibians as a section of the [[paleopallium]]. [[Amphibians]] were the first [[vertebrates]] to colonize land, thus a need for terrestial navigation and memory of scenes.
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The [[parahippocampal place area]] (PPA) is a subregion of the parahippocampal gyrus that plays an important role in [[memory]] and [[recognition]] of scenes (rather than faces or objects). It first appeared in amphibians as a section of the [[paleopallium]]. Amphibians were the first vertebrates to colonize land, thus a need for terrestial navigation and memory of scenes.
   
 
This area of the brain, like the cigulate gyrus, also seems to serve some function in modifying the expression of emotions.
 
This area of the brain, like the cigulate gyrus, also seems to serve some function in modifying the expression of emotions.

Revision as of 18:19, December 4, 2006

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Parahippocampal gyrus
Gray727
Medial surface of left cerebral hemisphere. ("Hippocampal gyrus" visible near bottom.)
Latin gyrus parahippocampalis
Gray's subject #
System
MeSH A08.186.211.577.710
Hippocampus (brain)
Parahippocampal gyrus labeled at bottom center.

The parahippocampal gyrus (or hippocampal gyrus) is a grey matter cortical region of the brain that surrounds the hippocampus. This region plays an important role in the formation and retrieval of topographical memory.


The parahippocampal place area (PPA) is a subregion of the parahippocampal gyrus that plays an important role in memory and recognition of scenes (rather than faces or objects). It first appeared in amphibians as a section of the paleopallium. Amphibians were the first vertebrates to colonize land, thus a need for terrestial navigation and memory of scenes.

This area of the brain, like the cigulate gyrus, also seems to serve some function in modifying the expression of emotions.

External links




Telencephalon (cerebrum, cerebral cortex, cerebral hemispheres) - edit

primary sulci/fissures: medial longitudinal, lateral, central, parietoöccipital, calcarine, cingulate

frontal lobe: precentral gyrus (primary motor cortex, 4), precentral sulcus, superior frontal gyrus (6, 8), middle frontal gyrus (46), inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's area, 44-pars opercularis, 45-pars triangularis), prefrontal cortex (orbitofrontal cortex, 9, 10, 11, 12, 47)

parietal lobe: postcentral sulcus, postcentral gyrus (1, 2, 3, 43), superior parietal lobule (5), inferior parietal lobule (39-angular gyrus, 40), precuneus (7), intraparietal sulcus

occipital lobe: primary visual cortex (17), cuneus, lingual gyrus, 18, 19 (18 and 19 span whole lobe)

temporal lobe: transverse temporal gyrus (41-42-primary auditory cortex), superior temporal gyrus (38, 22-Wernicke's area), middle temporal gyrus (21), inferior temporal gyrus (20), fusiform gyrus (36, 37)

limbic lobe/fornicate gyrus: cingulate cortex/cingulate gyrus, anterior cingulate (24, 32, 33), posterior cingulate (23, 31),
isthmus (26, 29, 30), parahippocampal gyrus (piriform cortex, 25, 27, 35), entorhinal cortex (28, 34)

subcortical/insular cortex: rhinencephalon, olfactory bulb, corpus callosum, lateral ventricles, septum pellucidum, ependyma, internal capsule, corona radiata, external capsule

hippocampal formation: dentate gyrus, hippocampus, subiculum

basal ganglia: striatum (caudate nucleus, putamen), lentiform nucleus (putamen, globus pallidus), claustrum, extreme capsule, amygdala, nucleus accumbens

Some categorizations are approximations, and some Brodmann areas span gyri.

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