Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Biological: Behavioural genetics · Evolutionary psychology · Neuroanatomy · Neurochemistry · Neuroendocrinology · Neuroscience · Psychoneuroimmunology · Physiological Psychology · Psychopharmacology (Index, Outline)
|Medial surface of left cerebral hemisphere. ("Hippocampal gyrus" visible near bottom.)|
|Parahippocampal gyrus labeled at bottom center.|
The parahippocampal gyrus (or hippocampal gyrus) is a grey matter cortical region of the brain that surrounds the hippocampus. This region plays an important role in the formation and retrieval of topographical memory.
The parahippocampal place area (PPA) is a subregion of the parahippocampal gyrus that plays an important role in memory and recognition of scenes (rather than faces or objects). It first appeared in amphibians as a section of the paleopallium. Amphibians were the first vertebrates to colonize land, thus a need for terrestial navigation and memory of scenes.
This area of the brain, like the cigulate gyrus, also seems to serve some function in modifying the expression of emotions.
|Telencephalon (cerebrum, cerebral cortex, cerebral hemispheres) - edit|
frontal lobe: precentral gyrus (primary motor cortex, 4), precentral sulcus, superior frontal gyrus (6, 8), middle frontal gyrus (46), inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's area, 44-pars opercularis, 45-pars triangularis), prefrontal cortex (orbitofrontal cortex, 9, 10, 11, 12, 47)
temporal lobe: transverse temporal gyrus (41-42-primary auditory cortex), superior temporal gyrus (38, 22-Wernicke's area), middle temporal gyrus (21), inferior temporal gyrus (20), fusiform gyrus (36, 37)
limbic lobe/fornicate gyrus: cingulate cortex/cingulate gyrus, anterior cingulate (24, 32, 33), posterior cingulate (23, 31),
Some categorizations are approximations, and some Brodmann areas span gyri.
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|