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Neurectomy is the surgical cutting through or removal of a nerve or a section of a nerve. This procedure may be performed, rarely, in cases of chronic pain where other treatments have failed. Neurectomy may cause some degree of numbness, and a stump neuroma may develop over time, which can cause pain, in some cases worse than the original condition.

A vestibulary neurectomy is a surgical procedure that may be used to correct vertigo problems caused by Ménière's disease. The operation severs the vestibular nerve in the ear.

Other neurectomy operations include:

  • Musculocutaneous neurectomy—may be used in the treatment of "spastic elbow".
  • Palmar Digital Neurectomy and Posterior Digital Neurectomy—a last-ditch techniques for treating Navicular Syndrome in horses, as an alternative to euthanasia.
  • Presacral neurectomy—a treatment for chronic pelvic pain associated with endometriosis. The superior hypogastric plexus is divided.

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