Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle.

Causes[edit | edit source]

Infection (Viral, Protazoan, Bacterial, Fungal, Parasitic)

Toxins (Drugs)

Immunologic (Allergic, Rejection after a heart transplant, Autoantigens, Toxins, Heavy metals)

Physical agents (Electric shock, Hyperpyrexia, Radiation)

Signs and Symptoms[edit | edit source]

Chest Pain

Congestive Heart Failure


Sudden Death


Symptoms in infants and toddlers tend to be more nonspecific (Generalized malaise, poor appetite, abdominal pain, and/or chronic cough. Later stages are present with respitory symptoms with increased breathing.

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)

Elevated C-reactive protein

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

Increased Immunoglobulin M (IgM)

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Treatment[edit | edit source]

Therapy (Symptomatic treatment)

For those with the acute phase, supportive trerapy including bed rest

Heart Transplant

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