Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle.
Causes[edit | edit source]
Infection (Viral, Protazoan, Bacterial, Fungal, Parasitic)
Immunologic (Allergic, Rejection after a heart transplant, Autoantigens, Toxins, Heavy metals)
Physical agents (Electric shock, Hyperpyrexia, Radiation)
Signs and Symptoms[edit | edit source]
Symptoms in infants and toddlers tend to be more nonspecific (Generalized malaise, poor appetite, abdominal pain, and/or chronic cough. Later stages are present with respitory symptoms with increased breathing.
Diagnosis[edit | edit source]
Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
Elevated C-reactive protein
Increased Immunoglobulin M (IgM)
Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Treatment[edit | edit source]
Therapy (Symptomatic treatment)
For those with the acute phase, supportive trerapy including bed rest