Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle.
Infection (Viral, Protazoan, Bacterial, Fungal, Parasitic)
Immunologic (Allergic, Rejection after a heart transplant, Autoantigens, Toxins, Heavy metals)
Physical agents (Electric shock, Hyperpyrexia, Radiation)
Signs and Symptoms
Congestive Heart Failure
Symptoms in infants and toddlers tend to be more nonspecific (Generalized malaise, poor appetite, abdominal pain, and/or chronic cough. Later stages are present with respitory symptoms with increased breathing.
Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
Elevated C-reactive protein
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
Increased Immunoglobulin M (IgM)
Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Therapy (Symptomatic treatment)
For those with the acute phase, supportive trerapy including bed rest