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Mind-body interventions - edit
Stylized methods
NCCAM classifications
  1. Alternative Medical Systems
  2. Mind-Body Intervention
  3. Biologically Based Therapy
  4. Manipulative Methods
  5. Energy Therapy
See also

Mind–body interventions is the name of a U.S. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) classification that covers a variety of techniques intended by practitioners to enhance the mind's capacity to affect bodily function and symptoms.[citation needed] Many of these techniques are best described as alternative medicine, including meditation, prayer, healing, and therapies that use creative outlets such as art, music, or dance.[citation needed] Other interventions have now become mainstream (for example, patient support groups and cognitive-behavioral therapy).[citation needed]

From the point of view of scientific psychology many of these interventions remain to be evaluated.

Intervention during pregnancy and labour[]

Proponents claim a correlation between improved health during pregnancy and labour outcomes and the practice of meditation, yoga, relaxation techniques, massage, and hypnosis.[citation needed] These practices are claimed to have positive effects on both mother and fetus, though more research is needed to determine the amount of benefit produced.[citation needed]

Preliminary research has suggested that yoga sessions may help to alleviate both physical or perceived pain (depending on which trimester the intervention took place in).[1]

Another study has suggested that meditation for two hours every week for eight weeks may reduce anxiety, negative affects, stress, and depression.[2]

relaxation and guided imagery may result in a decrease in psychological tension, heart rate, skin conductance, respiration, cortisol levels, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia in the pregnant women.[3]

An interview study from 1962 has suggested that hypnosis could reduce childbirth pain and improve memory of the event.[4]Template:MEDRS A 2003 pilot study suggested hypnoses could provide natural pain relief for women in labor.[5]Template:MEDRS

One study has shown a reduction in labor times by an average of three hours, less reported pain, and less medication as a result of massage. Massage during the first two phases of dilation seemed to reduce pain, although no difference was observed in the third phase.[6]Template:MEDRS

List of mind–body intervention practices[]

See also[]


  1. Beddoe AE, Paul Yang CP, Kennedy HP, Weiss SJ, Lee KA (2009). The effects of mindfulness-based yoga during pregnancy on maternal psychological and physical distress. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG 38 (3): 310–9.
  2. Vieten C, Astin J (2008). Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention during pregnancy on prenatal stress and mood: results of a pilot study. Archives of Women's Mental Health 11 (1): 67–74.
  3. DiPietro JA, Costigan KA, Nelson P, Gurewitsch ED, Laudenslager ML (January 2008). Fetal responses to induced maternal relaxation during pregnancy. Biological Psychology 77 (1): 11–9.
  4. DAVIDSON JA (October 1962). An assessment of the value of hypnosis in pregnancy and labour. British Medical Journal 2 (5310): 951–3.
  5. Cyna AM, Andrew MI, McAuliffe GL (August 2006). Antenatal self-hypnosis for labour and childbirth: a pilot study. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 34 (4): 464–9.
  6. Field T (March 2010). Pregnancy and labor massage. Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology 5 (2): 177–181.