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Mind–body interventions is the name of a U.S. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) classification that covers a variety of techniques intended by practitioners to enhance the mind's capacity to affect bodily function and symptoms. Many of these techniques are best described as alternative medicine, including meditation, prayer, healing, and therapies that use creative outlets such as art, music, or dance. Other interventions have now become mainstream (for example, patient support groups and cognitive-behavioral therapy).
From the point of view of scientific psychology many of these interventions remain to be evaluated.
Intervention during pregnancy and labour
Proponents claim a correlation between improved health during pregnancy and labour outcomes and the practice of meditation, yoga, relaxation techniques, massage, and hypnosis. These practices are claimed to have positive effects on both mother and fetus, though more research is needed to determine the amount of benefit produced.
An interview study from 1962 has suggested that hypnosis could reduce childbirth pain and improve memory of the event.Template:MEDRS A 2003 pilot study suggested hypnoses could provide natural pain relief for women in labor.Template:MEDRS
One study has shown a reduction in labor times by an average of three hours, less reported pain, and less medication as a result of massage. Massage during the first two phases of dilation seemed to reduce pain, although no difference was observed in the third phase.Template:MEDRS
List of mind–body intervention practices
- Art Therapy
- Bach Flower Therapy
- Dance movement psychotherapy
- Dynamic Embodiment
- Feldenkrais method
- Franklin Method
- Hatha yoga
- Laban Movement Analysis
- Metamorphic Technique
- Movement Therapy
- Music Therapy
- Somatic Experiencing
- Somatic Movement Education & Therapy
- Support groups
- Trager Approach
- Zero Balancing
- Beddoe AE, Paul Yang CP, Kennedy HP, Weiss SJ, Lee KA (2009). The effects of mindfulness-based yoga during pregnancy on maternal psychological and physical distress. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG 38 (3): 310–9.
- Vieten C, Astin J (2008). Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention during pregnancy on prenatal stress and mood: results of a pilot study. Archives of Women's Mental Health 11 (1): 67–74.
- DiPietro JA, Costigan KA, Nelson P, Gurewitsch ED, Laudenslager ML (January 2008). Fetal responses to induced maternal relaxation during pregnancy. Biological Psychology 77 (1): 11–9.
- DAVIDSON JA (October 1962). An assessment of the value of hypnosis in pregnancy and labour. British Medical Journal 2 (5310): 951–3.
- Cyna AM, Andrew MI, McAuliffe GL (August 2006). Antenatal self-hypnosis for labour and childbirth: a pilot study. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 34 (4): 464–9.
- Field T (March 2010). Pregnancy and labor massage. Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology 5 (2): 177–181.