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Contents

the peripheral organs of the special senses[]

the organs of taste (Gray's s222)[]

Gray's page #991[]
  • peripheral gustatory or taste organs
    • gustatory calyculi (taste-buds)
  • Structure of taste bud
    • gustatory pore
    • supporting cells
    • gustatory cells
Gray's page #992[]

the organ of smell (Gray's s223)[]

Gray's page #992[]
  • Organon Olfactorius; The Nose
  • External nose (Nasus Externus; Outer nose)
    • apex
    • base
    • nares
    • columna
    • vibrissae
    • dorsum nasi
    • bridge
    • ala nasi
  • Structure
    • bony frame-work
    • cartilaginous frame-work (cartilagines nasi)
    • cartilage of the septum (cartilago septi nasi)
Gray's page #993[]
  • Structure
    • sphenoidal process
    • septum mobile nasi
    • lateral cartilage (cartilago nasi lateralis; upper lateral cartilage)
    • greater alar cartilage (cartilago alaris major; lower lateral cartilage)
    • medial wall (crus mediale)
    • septum mobile nasi
    • lateral wall (crus laterale)
    • lesser alar cartilages (cartilagines alares minores; sesamoid cartilages)
Gray's page #994[]
Gray's page #995[]
  • Lateral wall
    • atrium
    • bulla ethmoidalis
    • hiatus semilunaris
    • infundibulum
    • ostium maxillare
    • inferior meatus
  • Medial wall
Gray's page #996[]
  • Medial wall
    • nasopalatine recess
    • vomeronasal organ of Jacobson
    • vomeronasal cartilage
    • nasopalatine recess
  • Mucous membrane (membrana mucosa nasi)
    • respiratory region
    • olfactory region
    • supporting cells
    • olfactory cells
    • olfactory hair
    • glands of Bowman
Gray's page #997[]
Gray's page #998[]
  • Accessory sinuses of the nose (Sinus paranasales)
    • Frontal sinuses (sinus frontales)
    • Ethmoidal air cells (cellulæ ethmoidales)
    • Sphenoidal sinuses (sinus sphenoidales)
Gray's page #999[]
  • Accessory sinuses of the nose (Sinus paranasales)
    • Maxillary sinus (sinus maxillaris; antrum of Highmore)

the organ of sight (Gray's s224)[]

Sensory system - Visual system - Eye - edit
Anterior chamber | Aqueous humour | Blind spot | Choroid | Ciliary body | Conjunctiva | Cornea | Iris | Lens | Macula | Optic disc | Optic fovea | Posterior chamber | Pupil | Retina | Schlemm's canal | Sclera | Tapetum lucidum | Trabecular meshwork | Vitreous humour
Gray's page #1000[]
  • bulb of the eye (bulbus oculi; eyeball), or organ of sight
  • fascia bulbi
Gray's page #1001[]
  • anterior pole
  • posterior pole
  • optic axis

Development of eye[]

Gray's page #1002[]
Gray's page #1003[]
Gray's page #1005[]

the tunics of the eye (Gray's s225)[]

Fibrous tunic (tunica fibrosa oculi)[]

Gray's page #1005[]
  • Sclera
    • spatium perichorioideale
    • suprachorioidea
    • lamina cribrosa sclerae
    • venae vorticosae
    • sclero-corneal junction
    • sinus venosus sclerae (canal of Schlemm)
Gray's page #1006[]
Gray's page #1007[]
  • Cornea
    • sulcus circularis corneae
    • iridial angle or filtration angle
    • scleral spur
    • Structure of cornea
      • corneal epithelium (epithelium corneæ anterior layer)
      • substantia propria
Gray's page #1008[]
  • Cornea
    • Structure of cornea
      • corneal spaces
      • corneal corpuscle
      • anterior elastic lamina (lamina elastica anterior; anterior limiting layer; Bowman’s membrane)
      • posterior elastic lamina (lamina elastica posterior; membrane of Descemet; membrane of Demours)
Gray's page #1009[]
  • Cornea
    • Structure of cornea
      • spaces of the angle of the iris (spaces of Fontana)
      • pectinate ligament of the iris
      • endothelium of the anterior chamber (endothelium cameræ anterioris; posterior layer; corneal endothelium)

Vascular tunic (tunica vasculosa oculi)[]

Gray's page #1009[]
Gray's page #1010[]
  • Choroid (chorioidea)
    • lamina suprachorioidea
    • choroid proper
      • outer layer (lamina vasculosa)
        • venae vorticosae
      • inner layer (lamina choriocapillaris)
        • stratum intermedium
    • Tapetum
  • Ciliary body (corpus ciliare)
    • orbiculus ciliaris
    • ciliary processes (processus ciliares)
Gray's page #1011[]
  • Ciliary body (corpus ciliare)
    • ciliary processes (processus ciliares)
      • pars ciliaris retinae
    • Ciliaris muscle (m. ciliaris; Bowman's muscle)
      • meridional fibers and circular fibers
Gray's page #1012[]
Gray's page #1013[]
  • Iris
    • stroma (stroma iridis)
    • muscular fibers
      • circular fibers
      • radiating fibers
    • pars iridica retinae (uvea)
Gray's page #1014[]
  • Iris
    • membrana pupillaris

Retina (tunica interna)[]

Gray's page #1014[]
  • ora serrata
Gray's page #1015[]
Gray's page #1016[]
  • Retina proper
    • ganglionic layer
    • inner plexiform layer
    • inner nuclear layer or layer of inner granules
Gray's page #1017[]
Gray's page #1018[]

the refracting media (Gray's s226)[]

Gray's page #1018[]
Gray's page #1019[]
  • Vitreous body (corpus vitreum)
    • spatia zonularis (canal of Petit)
  • Crystalline lens (lens crystallina)
    • capsule of the lens (capsula lentis)
    • lens
    • lens, poles of:
Gray's page #1020[]

the accessory organs of the eye (Gray's s227)[]

Gray's page #1021[]
  • Ocular muscles (musculi oculi)
    • Levator palpebræ superioris
Gray's page #1022[]
  • Ocular muscles (musculi oculi)
    • Recti
      • Rectus inferior
      • Rectus internus
      • Rectus lateralis
      • Rectus superior
      • Rectus medialis
    • annulus tendineus communis
      • ligament of Zinn or tendon of Zinn
      • superior tendon of Lockwood
    • Obliquus oculi superior (superior oblique)
Gray's page #1023[]
  • Ocular muscles (musculi oculi)
    • Obliquus oculi inferior (inferior oblique)
Gray's page #1024[]
  • Ocular muscles (musculi oculi)
    • Orbitalis muscle
  • Fascia bulb (capsule of Ténon)
    • periscleral lymph space
    • medial check ligament and lateral check ligament
Gray's page #1025[]
  • Fascia bulb (capsule of Ténon)
    • suspensory ligament of the eye
  • Orbital fascia
  • Eyebrows (supercilia)
  • Eyelids (palpebræ)
    • palpebral fissure (rima palpebrarum)
    • palpebral commissures or canthi
      • lateral palpebral commissure (commissura palpebrarum lateralis; external canthus)
      • medial palpebral commissure (commissura palpebrarum medialis; internal canthus)
    • lacus lacrimalis
    • lacrimal papilla
    • punctum lacrimale
  • eyelashes (cilia)
  • Structure of the Eyelids
  • integument
  • subcutaneous areolar tissue
  • palpebral fibers of the Orbicularis oculi
  • tarsi (tarsal plates)
    • superior tarsus (tarsus superior; superior tarsal plate)
    • inferior tarsus (tarsus inferior; inferior tarsal plate)
Gray's page #1026[]
  • orbital septum (septum orbitale; palpebral ligament)
  • Tarsal glands (glandulæ tarsales [Meibomi]; Meibomian glands)
  • conjunctiva
Gray's page #1027[]
  • conjunctiva
    • Palpebral portion (tunica conjunctiva palpebrarum)
      • plica semilunaris
      • superior fornix
      • inferior fornix
    • Bulbar portion (tunica conjunctiva bulbi)
Gray's page #1028[]
Gray's page #1029[]

the organ of hearing (Gray's s228)[]

|}

Gray's page #1029[]
Gray's page #1030[]
Gray's page #1032[]
Gray's page #1033[]

the external ear (Gray's s229)[]

Gray's page #1033[]
Gray's page #1034[]
  • auricula (pinna)
    • fossa triangularis
    • concha
    • crus
    • cymba conchae
    • cavum conchae
    • tragus
    • intertragic notch
    • antitragus
    • lobule
    • eminentia conchae
    • eminentia triangularis
  • Structure of auricula
    • cartilage of the auricula (cartilago auriculæ; cartilage of the pinna)
      • spina helicis
      • cauda helicis
      • fissura antitragohelicina
      • sulcus antihelicis transversus
      • ponticulus
Gray's page #1035[]
  • Structure of auricula
    • ligaments of the auricula (ligamenti auricularia; ligaments of the pinna)
    • Extrinsic muscles of external ear
      • Auricularis anterior (Attrahens aurem)
      • Auricularis superior (Attolens aurem)
      • Auricularis posterior (Retrahens aurem)
    • Intrinsic muscles of external ear
      • Helicis major
      • Helicis minor
      • Tragicus
      • Antitragicus
      • Transversus auriculae
      • Obliquus auriculae
Gray's page #1036[]
  • External acoustic meatus (meatus acusticus externus; external auditory canal or meatus)
    • isthmus
    • cartilaginous portion (meatus acusticus externus cartilagineus)
    • osseous portion (meatus acusticus externus osseus)
Gray's page #1037[]
  • External acoustic meatus (meatus acusticus externus; external auditory canal or meatus)
    • tympanic sulcus
    • annulus tympanicus
    • ceruminous glands

the middle ear or tympanic cavity (Gray's s230)[]

Gray's page #1037[]
Gray's page #1038[]
  • tympanic cavity proper
  • epitympanic recess
  • Tegmental wall or Roof (paries tegmentalis)
    • tegmen tympani
  • Jugular wall or Floor (paries jugularis)
    • fundus tympani
  • Membranous or Lateral wall (paries membranacea; outer wall)
    • notch of Rivinus
    • iter chordae posterius (apertura tympanica canaliculi chordae)
    • petrotympanic fissure (fissura petrotympanica; Glaserian fissure)
Gray's page #1039[]
  • Membranous or Lateral wall (paries membranacea; outer wall)
    • iter chordae anterius (canal of Huguier)
  • Tympanic membrane (membrana tympani)
    • fibrocartilaginous ring
    • tympanic sulcus
    • malleolar folds
    • pars flaccida
    • umbo
  • Structure
    • cutaneous stratum
    • fibrous stratum
Gray's page #1040[]
  • Labyrinthic or Medial wall (paries labyrinthica; inner wall)
    • fenestra vestibuli (fenestra ovalis)
    • fenestra cochleæ (fenestra rotunda)
    • secondary tympanic membrane
Gray's page #1042[]
  • Labyrinthic or Medial wall (paries labyrinthica; inner wall)
    • promontory (promontorium)
    • prominence of the facial canal (prominentia canalis facialis; prominence of aqueduct of Fallopius)
  • mastoid or posterior wall (paries mastoidea)
    • entrance to the antrum
    • tympanic or mastoid antrum
    • mastoid air cells
    • pyramidal eminence (eminentia pyramidalis; pyramid)
    • fossa incudis
  • Carotid or Anterior wall (paries carotica)
    • septum canalis musculotubarii
    • semicanal for the Tensor tympani (semicanalis m. tensoris tympani)
    • septum canalis musculotubarii (processus cochleariformis)
  • auditory tube (tuba auditiva; Eustachian tube)
Gray's page #1043[]
  • auditory tube (tuba auditiva; Eustachian tube)
    • osseous portion (pars osseo tubae auditivae)
    • cartilaginous portion (pars cartilaginea tubae auditivae)

the auditory ossicles (Gray's s231)[]

Gray's page #1044[]
  • Malleus
    • head (capitulum mallei)
    • cog-tooth (spur of the malleus)
    • neck (collum mallei)
    • manubrium mallei (handle)
    • anterior process (processus anterior; processus gracilis)
    • lateral process (processus lateralis; processus brevis)
  • Incus
    • body (corpus incudis)
    • short crus (crus breve; short process)
Gray's page #1045[]
  • Incus
    • fossa incudis
    • long crus (crus longum; long process)
    • lenticular process
  • Stapes
    • head (capitulum stapedis)
    • crura (crus anterius and crus posterius)
    • base (basis stapedis)
  • Ligaments of the Ossicles (ligamenta ossiculorum auditus)
    • anterior ligament of the malleus (lig. mallei anterius)
    • superior ligament of the malleus (lig. mallei superius)
    • lateral ligament of the malleus (lig. mallei laterale; external ligament of the malleus)
    • axis ligament
    • posterior ligament of the incus (lig. incudis posterius)
Gray's page #1046[]
  • Ligaments of the Ossicles
    • superior ligament of the incus (lig. incudis superius)
    • annular ligament of the base of the stapes (lig. annulare baseos stapedis)
  • Mucous membrane of the Tympanic cavity
  • pouch of Prussak
  • recesses of Troltsch
Gray's page #1047[]
  • tympanic branch of the glossopharyngeal (Jacobson's nerve)
  • superior and inferior caroticotympanic nerves
  • smaller superficial petrosal nerve
  • chorda tympani nerve

the internal ear or labyrinth (Gray's s232)[]

Gray's page #1047[]
Gray's page #1048[]
  • Vestibule (vestibulum)
    • pyramid of the vestibule
    • fossa cochlearis
    • aquæductus vestibuli
    • ductus endolymphaticus
    • recessus ellipticus
    • macula cribrosa superior
Gray's page #1049[]
  • Bony semicircular canals (canales semicirculares ossei)
Gray's page #1050[]
Gray's page #1051[]
Gray's page #1052[]
  • utricle (utriculus)
    • ductus utriculosaccularis
  • Saccule (sacculus)
    • macula acustica sacculi
    • ductus endolymphaticus
    • saccus endolymphaticus
    • canalis reuniens of Hensen
  • Semicircular ducts (ductus semicirculares; membranous semicircular canals)
    • septum transversum
  • Structure
Gray's page #1054[]
Gray's page #1055[]
Gray's page #1056[]
  • Basilar membrane
    • zona arcuata
    • zona pectinata
    • vas spirale
  • spiral organ of Corti
    • pillars of Corti
Gray's page #1057[]
Gray's page #1058[]

peripheral terminations of nerves of general sensations (Gray's s233)[]

Gray's page #1059[]
  • Free nerve-endings
    • tactile disks
  • special end-organs
Gray's page #1060[]
Gray's page #1061[]
  • special end-organs
    • corpuscles of Herbst
    • corpuscles of Golgi and Mazzoni
    • tactile corpuscles of Wagner and Meissner
    • Corpuscles of Ruffini
    • neurotendinous spindles (organs of Golgi)
    • neuromuscular spindles

the common integument (Gray's s234)[]


Gray's page #1062[]
Gray's page #1063[]
  • four layers
    • stratum mucosum (mucous layer)
      • stratum germinativum
Gray's page #1064[]
Gray's page #1065[]
  • Corium, Cutis vera, Dermis, or True skin
    • reticular layer (stratum reticulare; deep layer)
    • papillary layer (stratum papillare; superficial layer; corpus papillare of the corium)
      • papillæ
Gray's page #1066[]
  • Development
    • vernix caseosa
    • lanugo
  • Appendages of the Skin
    • Nails (ungues)
      • free edge
      • nail matrix
      • lunula of nails
Gray's page #1067[]
  • Appendages of the Skin
    • Nails (ungues)
      • eponychium
    • Hairs (pili)
      • shaft or scapus
      • root of the hair (radix pili)
      • hair bulb
      • hair follicle
      • outer coat or dermic coat
Gray's page #1068[]
  • Appendages of the Skin
    • Hairs (pili)
      • inner coat or epidermic coat
        • outer root sheath and inner root sheath
        • Huxley's layer
        • Henle's layer
Gray's page #1069[]
  • Appendages of the Skin
    • Hairs (pili)
      • shaft of the hair (scapus pili)
      • cortex
      • cuticle
      • Arrectores pilorum
    • Sebaceous glands (glandulæ sebaceæ)
      • sebum cutaneum
Gray's page #1070[]

See also[]

  • List of images and subjects in Gray's Anatomy
  • List of images in Gray's Anatomy: X. The Organs of the senses and the Common integument
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