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Jerome Kagan (born 1929) is one of the key pioneers of developmental psychology. Daniel and Amy Starch Research Professor of Psychology, Emeritus at Harvard University, he has shown that an infant's "temperament" is quite stable over time, in that certain behaviors in infancy are predictive of certain other behavior patterns in adolescence.

In an empirical study by Haggbloom et al using six criteria such as citations and recognition, Kagan was found to be the 22nd most eminent psychologist of the 20th Century, just above Carl Jung.[1]


Biographical information[edit | edit source]

Kagan was born in Newark, New Jersey, USA. In 1951 he married Cele Katzman, and they have one daughter. He spent a year as an instructor in psychology at Ohio State University. After two years as a psychologist at the U.S. Army Hospital at West Point, he did research in developmental psychology at Ohio's Fels Institute (1957-64) before beginning his career at Harvard University.

Education[edit | edit source]

He earned a B.S. degree from Rutgers University in 1950 and earned his master's degree from Harvard University and his Ph.D. from Yale University in 1954.

Positions[edit | edit source]

He spent a year as an instructor in psychology at Ohio State University. After two years as a psychologist at the U.S. Army Hospital at West Point, he did research in developmental psychology at Ohio's Fels Institute (1957-64) before beginning his career at Harvard University.


Main areas of interest[edit | edit source]

He conducted extensive research on child development and

Funded grants[edit | edit source]

Honors[edit | edit source]

Kagan won the Hofheimer Prize of the American Psychiatric Association in 1963. He won the G. Stanley Hall Award of the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1994.

Editorial board/consulting editor[edit | edit source]

Association affiliations[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Publications[edit | edit source]

Books[edit | edit source]

  • Kagan, J. (1971) Change and Continuity in infancy, New York: John Wiley.
  • Kagan, J,(1971) Personal Development.
  • Kagan, J,(1978) Growth of the Child.
  • Kagan, J,(1982) The Nature of the Child.
  • Kagan, J and Lamb,S (1990) The Emergence of Morality in Young Children. University of Chicago Press ISBN 0226422321
  • Kagan, J & Snidman N,(2004) The Long Shadow of Temperament,Belknap Press.

ISBN 0674015517

Book Chapters[edit | edit source]

Papers[edit | edit source]

  • Kagan, J. (1970) The determinants of attention in the infant, American Scientist 58: 298-306.


External links[edit | edit source]


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  1. Haggbloom, S.J. et al. (2002). The 100 Most Eminent Psychologists of the 20th Century. Review of General Psychology. Vol. 6, No. 2, 139–15. Haggbloom et al combined 3 quantitative variables: citations in professional journals, citations in textbooks, and nominations in a survey given to members of the Association for Psychological Science, with 3 qualitative variables (converted to quantitative scores): National Academy of Science (NAS) membership, American Psychological Association (APA) President and/or recipient of the APA Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award, and surname used as an eponym. Then the list was rank ordered.
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