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While in some circles, such as the writings of bioethicist Nicholas Agar, the expression "human enhancement" is roughly synonymous with human genetic engineering, it also is used to refer to the general application of converging NBIC technologies and human enhancement technologies. This includes the modification of DNA, the use of nootropic drugs, or the replacement of parts of the human anatomy, such as limbs, organs, or functional systems, with prosthetic substitutes capable of superior functioning.
Human enhancement technologies
The following are examples of human enhancing technologies:
The general criticism of human enhancement, which is also voiced by some of its supporters, is that it is currently often practiced with a reckless and selfish short-term perspective that is ignorant of the long-term consequences on individuals and the rest of society.
Socially responsible advocates of human enhancement, such as techno-progressives, defend and promote rigorous, independent safety testing of human enhancement technologies.
- Nicholas Agar. Liberal Eugenics: In Defence of Human Enhancement. Blackwell, 2004. ISBN 1405123907 / ISBN 1405123893
- Ramez Naam. More Than Human: Embracing the Promise of Biological Enhancement. Broadway Press, 2005. ISBN 0767918436
- Community Perspectives on the Right to Human Enhancement
- Enhancement Technologies Group
- Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies
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