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Henry Edward Garrett (27 January 1894—26 June 1973) was an American psychologist and segregationist. Garrett was President of the American Psychological Association in 1946 and Chair of Psychology at Columbia University from 1941 to 1955.
A.S. Winston chronicles Garrett's involvement in the International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics (IAAEE), the journal Mankind Quarterly, the neofascist Northern League, and the ultra-right wing political group, the Liberty Lobby.
In the 1950s Garrett helped organize an international group of scholars dedicated to preventing race mixing, preserving segregation, and promoting the principles of early 20th century eugenics and "race hygiene." Garrett was a strong opponent of the 1954 United States Supreme Court's desegregation decision in Brown v. Board of Education, which he predicted would lead to "total demoralization and then disorganization in that order."
He is credited with coining the term equalitarian dogma in 1961 to describe the then politically fashionable view that there were no race differences in intelligence, or if there were, they were purely the result of environmental factors. Those who questioned these views often put their careers at risk.
He wrote in the Citizens' Council monthly journal The Citizen, "Despite glamorized accounts to the contrary, the history of Black Africa over the past 5,000 years is largely a blank," and, "The crime record of the Negro in the United States is little short of scandalous." (Garrett 1968)
Edwin R. Guthrie
|Henry Garrett elected APA President
Publications[edit | edit source]
Books[edit | edit source]
- Garrett, H.E. (1980). I.Q. and Racial Differences. Newport Beach, CA: Noontide Press, 1980
Book Chapters[edit | edit source]
Papers[edit | edit source]
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Garrett, H.E. (1968) "Scientist Explains Race Differences," The Citizen, January, pp. 14-19.
- Winston, A. S. (1998). Science in the service of the far right: Henry E. Garrett, the IAAEE, and the Liberty Lobby. Journal of Social Issues, 54, no. 1, 179-209.
- "Henry E. Garrett, Psychologist, Dies." New York Times. Jun 28, 1973. pg. 50.
External Links[edit | edit source]
- Top IQ-tester Henry E. Garrett, WWII, and the effort to preserve segregation Historical and Investigative Research