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Furniture is the mass noun for the movable objects which may support the human body (seating furniture and beds), provide storage, or hold objects on horizontal surfaces above the ground. Storage furniture (which often makes use of doors, drawers, and shelves) is used to hold or contain smaller objects such as clothes, tools, books, and household goods.

Furniture can be a product of artistic design and is considered a form of decorative art. In addition to furniture's functional role, it can serve a symbolic or religious purpose. Domestic furniture works to create, in conjunction with furnishings such as clocks and lighting, comfortable and convenient interior spaces. Furniture can be made from many materials, including metal, plastic, and wood. Furniture can be made using a variety of woodworking joints which often reflect the local culture.

Furniture in mental health settings[edit | edit source]

The analytic couch the prime piece of furniture associated with clinical settings.

Furniture in educational settings[edit | edit source]

Furniture and concentration[edit | edit source]

Furniture and identity[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

Books[edit | edit source]

  • Chafetz, P. K. (1991). Structuring environments for dementia patients. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  • Corlett, E. N. (1990). The evaluation of industrial seating. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.

Papers[edit | edit source]

  • Alexander, N. B., Schultz, A. B., & Warwick, D. N. (1991). Rising from a chair: Effects of age and functional ability on performance biomechanics: Journals of Gerontology Vol 46(3) May 1991, M91-M98.
  • Axia, G., Baroni, M. R., & Peron, E. M. (1990). Cognitive assessment of classrooms in childhood and early and late adulthood: Children's Environments Quarterly Vol 7(2) 1990, 17-25.
  • Baldwin, S. (1985). Effects of furniture rearrangement on the atmosphere of wards in a maximum-security hospital: Hospital & Community Psychiatry Vol 36(5) May 1985, 525-528.
  • Barrero, M., & Hedge, A. (2002). Computer environments for children: A review of design issues: Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation Vol 18(3) 2002, 227-237.
  • Bell, S. S., Holbrook, M. B., & Solomon, M. R. (1991). Combining esthetic and social value to explain preferences for product styles with the incorporation of personality and ensemble effects: Journal of Social Behavior & Personality Vol 6(6) 1991, 243-274.
  • Bridger, R. S. (1988). Postural adaptations to a sloping chair and work surface: Human Factors Vol 30(2) Apr 1988, 237-247.
  • Buckle, P., & Fernandes, A. (1998). Mattress evaluation--assessment of contact pressure, comfort and discomfort: Applied Ergonomics Vol 29(1) Feb 1998, 35-39.
  • Chatard-Pannetier, A., Brauer, M., Chambres, P., & Niedenthal, P. (2002). Representation, categorisation and evaluation: Differences between experts and novices in the domain of antique furniture: L'Annee Psychologique Vol 102(3) Jul-Sep 2002, 423-448.
  • Chung, J. W. Y., & Wong, T. K. S. (2007). Anthropometric evaluation for primary school furniture design: Ergonomics Vol 50(3) Mar 2007, 323-334.
  • Cinan, S. (2004). Verbal spatial memory: Remembering locations of household objects from verbal spatial descriptions: Turk Psikoloji Dergisi Vol 19(53) 2004, 105-114.
  • Cotton, L. M., O'Connell, D. G., Palmer, P. P., & Rutland, M. D. (2002). Mismatch of school desks and chairs by ethnicity and grade level in middle school: Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation Vol 18(3) 2002, 269-280.
  • Cram, J. R., & Vinitzky, I. (1995). Effects of chair design on back muscle fatigue: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation Vol 5(2) Jun 1995, 101-113.
  • Cramer, W. (1990). Solid Wood: A new furniture renovation project for psychiatric patients in the community: British Journal of Occupational Therapy Vol 53(7) Jul 1990, 292-294.
  • Dant, T. (2008). The 'pragmatics' of material interaction: Journal of Consumer Culture Vol 8(1) Mar 2008, 11-33.
  • Delisle, A., Lariviere, C., Plamondon, A., & Imbeau, D. (2006). Comparison of three computer office workstations offering forearm support: Impact on upper limb posture and muscle activation: Ergonomics Vol 49(2) Feb 2006, 139-160.
  • Demura, S., & Yamada, T. (2007). Height of chair seat and movement characteristics in sit-to-stand by young and elderly adults: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 104(1) Feb 2007, 21-31.
  • Dressel, D. L., & Francis, J. (1987). Office productivity: Contributions of the workstation: Behaviour & Information Technology Vol 6(3) Jul-Sep 1987, 279-284.
  • Fineberg, B. L. (1984). Bean bag chairs as versatile play objects in boys' latency groups: International Journal of Group Psychotherapy Vol 34(3) Jul 1984, 503-509.
  • Gadge, K., & Innes, E. (2007). An investigation into the immediate effects on comfort, productivity and posture of the BambachTM saddle seat and a standard office chair: Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation Vol 29(3) 2007, 189-203.
  • Gal, C. A., Benedict, J. O., & Supinski, D. M. (1986). Territoriality and the use of library study tables: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 63(2, Pt 1) Oct 1986, 567-574.
  • Garcia-Acosta, G., & Lange-Morales, K. (2007). Definition of sizes for the design of school furniture for Bogota schools based on anthropometric criteria: Ergonomics Vol 50(10) Oct 2007, 1626-1642.
  • Gaver, W., Bowers, J., Boucher, A., Law, A., Pennington, S., & Walker, B. (2007). Electronic furniture for the curious home: Assessing ludic designs in the field: International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction Vol 22(1-2) 2007, 119-152.
  • Goldberger, M. (1995). The couch as defense and as potential for enactment: Psychoanalytic Quarterly Vol 64(1) Jan 1995, 23-42.
  • Golding, A. P. (1988). The evaluation of HSRC seating and work-station facilities. Pretoria, South Africa: Human Sciences Research Council.
  • Gregory, D. E., Dunk, N. M., & Callaghan, J. P. (2006). Stability ball versus office chair: Comparison of muscle activation and lumbar spine posture during prolonged sitting: Human Factors Vol 48(1) Spr 2006, 142-153.
  • Grimsrud, T. M. (1990). Humans were not created to sit--and why you have to refurnish your life: Ergonomics Vol 33(3) Mar 1990, 291-295.
  • Helander, M. G. (2003). Forget about ergonomics in chair design? Focus on aesthetics and comfort! : Ergonomics Vol 46(13-14) Oct 2003, 1306-1319.
  • Helander, M. G., Little, S. E., & Drury, C. G. (2000). Adaptation and sensitivity to postural change in sitting: Human Factors Vol 42(4) Win 2000, 617-629.
  • Jackson, D., Engstrom, E., & Hassenzahl, D. M. (2005). Effects of Sex and Seating Arrangement on Selection of Leader: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 100(3) Jun 2005, 815-818.
  • Knight, G., & Noyes, J. (1999). Children's behaviour and the design of school furniture: Ergonomics Vol 42(5) May 1999, 747-760.
  • Koskelo, R., Vuorikari, K., & Hanninen, O. (2007). Sitting and standing postures are corrected by adjustable furniture with lowered muscle tension in high-school students: Ergonomics Vol 50(10) Oct 2007, 1643-1656.
  • Krieger, R. (1999). Desk arrangements in the class room: Proof of habituation effects in the learning environment: Gruppendynamik Vol 30(3) Sep 1999, 295-303.
  • Legg, S. J., Mackie, H. W., & Milicich, W. (2002). Evaluation of a prototype multi-posture office chair: Ergonomics Vol 45(2) Feb 2002, 153-163.
  • Linton, S. J., Hellsing, A.-L., Halme, T., & Akerstedt, K. (1994). The effects of ergonomically designed school furniture on pupils' attitudes, symptoms and behaviour: Applied Ergonomics Vol 25(5) Oct 1994, 299-304.
  • May, D. R., Reed, K., Schwoerer, C. E., & Potter, P. (2004). Ergonomic Office Design and Aging: A Quasi-Experimental Field Study of Employee Reactions to an Ergonomics Intervention Program: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology Vol 9(2) Apr 2004, 123-135.
  • Moldovan, I. (1989). An experiment of professional selection and training of artistic furniture sculptors: Revista de Psihologie Vol 35(1) Mar 1989, 17-26.
  • Muller, G. F. (1992). Predominance of sensory impression in the evaluation of ergonomically designed office swivel-chairs: Zeitschrift fur Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie Vol 36(4) 1992, 177-183.
  • Nesci, D. A. (1990). Ethnopsychoanalytic considerations about the use of the couch: Archivio di Psicologia, Neurologia e Psichiatria Vol 51(4) Oct-Dec 1990, 500-508.
  • O'Hara, P. M. (1991). Office seating survey: British Journal of Occupational Therapy Vol 54(4) Apr 1991, 150-152.
  • Park, J., & Han, S. H. (2004). A fuzzy rule-based approach to modeling affective user satisfaction towards office chair design: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics Vol 34(1) Jul 2004, 31-47.
  • Price, R. A. (1991). An investigation of path-goal leadership theory in marketing channels: Journal of Retailing Vol 67(3) Fal 1991, 339-361.
  • Ray, G. G., Ghosh, S., & Atreya, V. (1995). An anthropometric survey of Indian schoolchildren aged 3-5 years: Applied Ergonomics Vol 26(1) Feb 1995, 67-72.
  • Robertson, M. M., Amick, B. C., III, Hupert, N., Pellerin-Dionne, M., Cha, E., & Katz, J. N. (2002). Effects of a participatory ergonomics intervention computer workshop for university students: A pilot intervention to prevent disability in tomorrow's workers: Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation Vol 18(3) 2002, 305-314.
  • Roscoe, B., & Evans, J. A. (1986). Desk top graffiti: College Student Journal Vol 20(2) Sum 1986, 221-224.
  • Savanur, C. S., Altekar, C. R., & De, A. (2007). Lack of conformity between Indian classroom furniture and student dimensions: Proposed future seat/table dimensions: Ergonomics Vol 50(10) Oct 2007, 1612-1625.
  • Schilling, D. L., Washington, K., Billingsley, F. F., & Deitz, J. (2003). Classroom Seating for Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Therapy Balls Versus Chairs: American Journal of Occupational Therapy Vol 57(5) Sep-Oct 2003, 534-541.
  • Smith-Zuzovsky, N., & Exner, C. E. (2004). The effect of seated positioning quality on typical 6- and 7-year-old children's object manipulation skills: American Journal of Occupational Therapy Vol 58(4) Jul-Aug 2004, 380-388.
  • Soyer, M., & Houdet, C. (1986). Reduction of acoustic annoyance in school dining halls: Journal of Auditory Research Vol 26(3) Jul 1986, 191-196.
  • Straker, L., Briggs, A., & Greig, A. (2002). The effect of individually adjusted workstations on upper quadrant posture and muscle activity in school children: Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation Vol 18(3) 2002, 239-248.
  • Tripathi, N. (2002). Seating preference and seat placement as indicators of privacy preference: Psychological Studies Vol 47(1-3) Jan,Jul,&Nov 2002, 129-138.
  • Tuttle, N., Barrett, R., & Gass, E. (2007). Preferred seat orientation of senior high-school students: Ergonomics Vol 50(10) Oct 2007, 1603-1611.
  • Tuttle, N., Barrett, R., & Gass, E. (2007). Seated buttock contours: A pilot study of Australian senior high-school students: Ergonomics Vol 50(10) Oct 2007, 1593-1602.
  • Weisbord, M., & Janoff, S. (2005). Faster, Shorter, Cheaper May Be Simple; It's Never Easy: Journal of Applied Behavioral Science Vol 41(1) Mar 2005, 70-82.
  • Wilkin, P. (2009). Are you sitting comfortably? The political economy of the body: Sociology of Health & Illness Vol 31(1) Jan 2009, 35-50.
  • Williams, C. D., & Jacobs, K. (2002). The effectiveness of a home-based ergonomics intervention on the proper use of computers by middle school children: Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation Vol 18(3) 2002, 261-268.
  • Wingrat, J. K., & Exner, C. E. (2005). The impact of school furniture on fourth grade children's on-task and sitting behavior in the classroom: A pilot study: Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation Vol 25(3) 2005, 263-272.
  • Winter, G. S., McIntosh, J., & May, D. (2003). Survival In The Korean Furniture Industry: Value-chain Networking: Journal of Managerial Issues Vol 15(4) Win 2003, 450-466.
  • Yoo, W.-G., Yi, C.-H., & Kim, M.-H. (2007). Effects of a ball-backrest chair on the muscles associated with upper crossed syndrome when working at a VDT: Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation Vol 29(3) 2007, 239-244.

Dissertations[edit | edit source]

  • Han, S. (2007). A critical analysis on the fire safety aspects of furniture. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Homme, D. R. (2000). Chairs in the context of life experience: An exploratory study. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Kodzi, E. T., Jr. (2007). Mass customization as a framework for manufacturing transformations in the United States wooden furniture industry. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Merry, C. J. (1995). The role of expectancy effects on workers' use and evaluation of new ergonomic chairs. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Nunes Sobrinho, F. D. (1986). An experimental analysis of the effect of desk design on body motion, oral reading accuracy, and reading comprehension of hyperactive students: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Rechavi, T. B. (2004). Couched in their own terms: What makes a living room? Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Savage, E. R. (2007). Executive compensation, boards of directors, agency costs, and research and development of top furniture manufacturers. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
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