Fruit fly may refer to several organisms:

  • Tephritidae, a family of large, colorfully marked flies including agricultural pests
  • Drosophilidae, a family of smaller flies, including:
    • Drosophila, the genus of small fruit flies and vinegar flies
    • Drosophila melanogaster, often called the common fruit fly, which is an important model organism in modern biology
    • Drosophila suzukii, often called the Asian fruit fly, native to southeast Asia and an invasive species in North America
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