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Form and shape perception is an aspect of perception and concerns the processes involved in distinguishing shapes through the senses. Form perception is the ability of the human mind and senses to perceive the shapes of physical objects and outlines observed in the environment. It is a complex mental process studied in neurology.


Form perception is one of the most basic visual discriminations acquired by humans in childhood. A child with poor form perception is highly likely to be diagnosed with a learning disability, since almost all learning activities require some type of form perception, most importantly the ability to read. A child who has trouble perceiving the form of the letters, syllables or words, will have difficulties in learning the alphabet or in learning to read. The discrimination of letters is the most important skill in the early stages of reading.


  • Object perception
  • Perceptual grouping
  • Surface perception
  • Figure-ground perception

Neuroscience of shape perceptionEdit

See alsoEdit


((enWP|Form perception}}

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