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Individuals with greater hierarchical status tend to displace those ranked lower from access to space, to [[food]] and to [[mating]] opportunities. Thus, individuals with higher [[social status]] tend to have greater [[reproductive success]] by mating more often and having more resources to invest in the survival of [[offspring]].
 
Individuals with greater hierarchical status tend to displace those ranked lower from access to space, to [[food]] and to [[mating]] opportunities. Thus, individuals with higher [[social status]] tend to have greater [[reproductive success]] by mating more often and having more resources to invest in the survival of [[offspring]].
 
Hence it serves as an intrinsic factor for population control, insuring adequate resources for the dominant individuals and thus preventing widespread starvation. [[Territory (animal)|Territorial]] [[ethology|behavior]] enhances this effect.<ref>[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,908050,00.html The Animal Watchers - TIME<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
Hence it serves as an intrinsic factor for population control, insuring adequate resources for the dominant individuals and thus preventing widespread starvation. [[Territory (animal)|Territorial]] [[ethology|behavior]] enhances this effect.<ref>[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,908050,00.html The Animal Watchers - TIME<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
<ref>[http://web.archive.org/20010418170844/www.geocities.com/we_evolve/Human_Nature/lorenz.html Lorenz:On Aggression:BOOK SUMMARY<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
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<ref>[http://www.geocities.com/we_evolve/Human_Nature/lorenz.html Lorenz:On Aggression:BOOK SUMMARY<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
   
 
These hierarchies are not fixed and depend on any number of changing factors, among them are [[ageing|age]], [[gender]], body size, [[intelligence (trait)|intelligence]], and [[aggressiveness]]. Status may also be affected by the ability to marshal the support of others. Indeed, the need to maintain social position and social knowledge may be an impetus for the evolution of larger [[brain]]s in humans and other animals.<ref>[http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/mind/1996/00000006/00000004/00118393 IngentaConnect Dominance Hierarchies and the Evolution of Human Reasoning<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
These hierarchies are not fixed and depend on any number of changing factors, among them are [[ageing|age]], [[gender]], body size, [[intelligence (trait)|intelligence]], and [[aggressiveness]]. Status may also be affected by the ability to marshal the support of others. Indeed, the need to maintain social position and social knowledge may be an impetus for the evolution of larger [[brain]]s in humans and other animals.<ref>[http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/mind/1996/00000006/00000004/00118393 IngentaConnect Dominance Hierarchies and the Evolution of Human Reasoning<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>

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