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Disinhibition has a number of meanings in psychology
Outside the neurological context, disinhibition can mean:
- In learning theory disinhibition (learning) is the reappearance of a conditioned response that has been inhibited, usually due to extinction, following the occurence of a strong or novel stimulus. This is also known as inhibition of inhibition
- In behavioural psychology loss of inhibition, as through the influence of external stimuli such as drugs or alcohol, or as a result of brain damage.
- In social psychology disinhibition (social) is unrestrained behavior resulting from a lessening or loss of inhibitions or a disregard of cultural constraints.
In neurology Disinhibition is a neurological process which results in the production of a behaviour. There are always a great number of ways an animal or individual could behave. Most of these options will be inhibited at any one time, while one particuarly salient one should ordinarily be disinhibited. Parkinson's disease is often seen as a failure of disinhibition, which leads to a patient being unable to initiate desired actions.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Orbitofrontal cortex -- a part of the brain that ordinarily controls inhibition and disinhibition.
- Frontotemporal dementia -- what can happen when this part of the brain goes wrong.
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