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{{Clinpsy}}
{{Clinpsy}}The '''diathesis-stress model''' is a [[psychological]] theory that explains [[behavior]] as both a result of biological and [[genetics|genetic]] factors ("nature"), and life experiences ("nurture").'''Diathesis''' is the heriditary predispostion to a disorder (from the Greek diathesis=arrangement, from dia=asunder+tithenai=to place).'''Stress''' is the environmental load put on the organism.
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The '''diathesis-stress model''' is a [[psychological]] theory that explains [[behavior]] as both a result of biological and [[genetics|genetic]] factors ("nature"), and life experiences ("nurture").'''Diathesis''' is the heriditary predispostion to a disorder (from the Greek diathesis=arrangement, from dia=asunder+tithenai=to place).'''Stress''' is the environmental load put on the organism.
   
 
This theory is often used to describe the pronunciation of [[mental disorders]], like [[schizophrenia]], that are produced by the interaction of a vulnerable hereditary predisposition, with precipitating events in the environment. This theory was originally introduced as a means to explain some of the underlying causes of schizophrenia (Zubin & Spring, 1977).
 
This theory is often used to describe the pronunciation of [[mental disorders]], like [[schizophrenia]], that are produced by the interaction of a vulnerable hereditary predisposition, with precipitating events in the environment. This theory was originally introduced as a means to explain some of the underlying causes of schizophrenia (Zubin & Spring, 1977).
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* [[The Gene Illusion]]
 
* [[The Gene Illusion]]
   
The diathesis-stress model has been reformulated in the last 20 years as the stress-vulnerability-protective factors model, particularly by Dr. Robert P. Liberman and his colleagues in the field of psychiatric rehabilitation. This model has had profound benefits for people with severe and persistent mental illnesses. It has stimulated research on the common stressors that people with disorders such as schizophrenia experience. More importantly, it has stimulated research and treatment on how to mitigate this stress, and therefore reduce the expression of the diathesis, by developing protective factors. Protective factors include rigorous and nuanced psychopharmacology, skill building (especially problem solving and basic communication skills) and the development of support systems for individuals with these illnesses. Even more importantly, the stress-vulnerability-protective factors model has allowed mental health workers, family members, and clients to create a sophisticated personal profile of what happens when the person is doing poorly (the diathesis), what hurts (the stressors), and what helps (the protective factors). This has resulted in more humane, effective, efficient, and empowering treatment interventions
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The diathesis-stress model has been reformulated in the last 20 years as the stress-vulnerability-protective factors model, particularly by Dr. Robert P. Liberman and his colleagues in the field of psychiatric rehabilitation. This model has had profound benefits for people with severe and persistent mental illnesses. It has stimulated research on the common stressors that people with disorders such as such as schizophrenia experience. More importantly, it has stimulated research and treatment on how to mitigate this stress, and therefore reduce the expression of the diathesis, by developing protective factors. Protective factors include rigorous and nuanced psychopharmacology, skill building (especially problem solving and basic communication skills) and the development of support systems for individuals with these illnesses. Even more importantly, the stress-vulnerability-protective factors model has allowed mental health workers, family members, and clients to create a sophisticated personal profile of what happens when the person is doing poorly (the diathesis), what hurts (the stressors), and what helps (the protective factors). This has resulted in more humane, effective, efficient, and empowering treatment interventions
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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* Zubin, J. & Spring, B. (1977). Vulnerability: A new view of schizophrenia. ''Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 86'', 103-126.
 
* Zubin, J. & Spring, B. (1977). Vulnerability: A new view of schizophrenia. ''Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 86'', 103-126.
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
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{{psych-stub}}
 
{{psych-stub}}
 
{{enWP|Diathesis-stress model}}
 
{{enWP|Diathesis-stress model}}

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