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Dementia is a loss of mental function due to cognitive decline, and in which interruptions exist in interpersonal or intrapersonal processes that would normally function properly. Widespread loss of memory, reasoning and judgement and their accompanying effects upon personality and social skills are characteristic signs.

Dementia is sometimes devided into Presenile and senile dementia

The condition may be brought about by a number of organic brain syndromes which include:

See alsoEdit

References & BibliographyEdit

Key textsEdit


  • Brooker, D. (2007). Person centred dementia care:Making services better. London:Jessica Kingsley.
  • National Centre for Mental Health (2007). A NICE-SCIE Guideline on supporting people with dementia and their carers in health and social care. London:The British Psychological SOciety & Gaskell.


  • Department of Health (2008). Transforming the quality of dementia care:Consultation on a national dementia strategy.

Additional materialEdit



External linksEdit

Audit of dementia care by UK Royal College of Psychiatrists

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