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David Shakow (1901-1981) was an accomplished American psychologist. He is perhaps best known for his development of the Scientist-Practitioner Model (or Boulder Model) of graduate training for clinical psychologists, adopted by the American Psychological Association in 1949.[1] He also did pioneering research in schizophrenia, especially focusing on how deterioration and deficit results in the loss of normal functioning.[2] His work helped to humanize those with schizophrenia, which was then seen largely as dangerous and untreatable. He is also known in the field for creating one of the first U.S. clinical psychology internship programs while he was at Worcester State Hospital.[2]


  1. Benjamin, Ludy. (2007). A Brief History of Modern Psychology. Malden, MA : Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 9781405132060
  2. 2.0 2.1 Milite , George. (2001). Shakow, David (1901-1981). Encyclopedia of Psychology. Retrieved July 28, 2007.
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