(New page: {{ClinPsy}} ==References== Summary of the practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. (2000).): Journal of the Americ...)
 
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'''Childhood schizophrenia''' is the occurence of [[schizophrenia]] in children and adolescents
   
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==See also==
 
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*[[Early infantile autism]]
 
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*[[Childhood psychosis]]
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*[[Symbiotic infantile autism]]
   
   
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==References==
 
==References==
Summary of the practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. (2000).): Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 39(12) Dec 2000, 1580-1582.
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*Summary of the practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. (2000).): Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 39(12) Dec 2000, 1580-1582.
Abu-Akel, A., Caplan, R., Guthrie, D., & Komo, S. (2000). Childhood schizophrenia: Responsiveness to questions during conversation: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 39(6) Jun 2000, 779-786.
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*Abu-Akel, A., Caplan, R., Guthrie, D., & Komo, S. (2000). Childhood schizophrenia: Responsiveness to questions during conversation: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 39(6) Jun 2000, 779-786.
Addington, A. M., Gornick, M., Sporn, A. L., Gogtay, N., Greenstein, D., Lenane, M., et al. (2004). Polymorphisms in the 13q33.2 gene G72/G30 are associated with childhood-onset schizophrenia and psychosis not otherwise specified: Biological Psychiatry Vol 55(10) May 2004, 976-980.
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*Addington, A. M., Gornick, M., Sporn, A. L., Gogtay, N., Greenstein, D., Lenane, M., et al. (2004). Polymorphisms in the 13q33.2 gene G72/G30 are associated with childhood-onset schizophrenia and psychosis not otherwise specified: Biological Psychiatry Vol 55(10) May 2004, 976-980.
Alaghband-Rad, J., Hamburger, S. D., Giedd, J. N., Frazier, J. A., & et al. (1997). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Biological markers in relation to clinical characteristics: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 154(1) Jan 1997, 64-68.
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*Alaghband-Rad, J., Hamburger, S. D., Giedd, J. N., Frazier, J. A., & et al. (1997). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Biological markers in relation to clinical characteristics: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 154(1) Jan 1997, 64-68.
Alaghband-Rad, J., Kumra, S., Lenane, M. C., Jacobsen, L. K., Brown, A. S., Susser, E., et al. (1998). Early-onset schizophrenia: Mental retardation in siblings: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 37(2) Feb 1998, 137-138.
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*Alaghband-Rad, J., Kumra, S., Lenane, M. C., Jacobsen, L. K., Brown, A. S., Susser, E., et al. (1998). Early-onset schizophrenia: Mental retardation in siblings: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 37(2) Feb 1998, 137-138.
Alderton, H. R. (1966). A review of schizophrenia in childhood: The Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal / La Revue de l'Association des psychiatres du Canada 11(4) 1966, 276-285.
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*Alderton, H. R. (1966). A review of schizophrenia in childhood: The Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal / La Revue de l'Association des psychiatres du Canada 11(4) 1966, 276-285.
Alvarenga-Silva, H., Teixeira-Junior, A. L., & Costa, C. (2000). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: A review of clinical features and outcome: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria Vol 49(10-12) Oct-Dec 2000, 387-393.
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*Alvarenga-Silva, H., Teixeira-Junior, A. L., & Costa, C. (2000). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: A review of clinical features and outcome: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria Vol 49(10-12) Oct-Dec 2000, 387-393.
Armenteros, J. L., & Mikhail, A. G. (2002). Do we need placebos to evaluate new drugs in children with schizophrenia? : Psychopharmacology Vol 159(2) Jan 2002, 117-124.
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*Armenteros, J. L., & Mikhail, A. G. (2002). Do we need placebos to evaluate new drugs in children with schizophrenia? : Psychopharmacology Vol 159(2) Jan 2002, 117-124.
Asarnow, J. R. (1994). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 35(8) Nov 1994, 1345-1371.
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*Asarnow, J. R. (1994). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 35(8) Nov 1994, 1345-1371.
Asarnow, J. R. (2005). Childhood-Onset Schizotypal Disorder: A Follow-Up Study and Comparison with Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Vol 15(3) 2005, 395-402.
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*Asarnow, J. R. (2005). Childhood-Onset Schizotypal Disorder: A Follow-Up Study and Comparison with Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Vol 15(3) 2005, 395-402.
Asarnow, J. R., & Arsarnow, R. F. (2003). Childhood-onset schizophrenia. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
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*Asarnow, J. R., & Arsarnow, R. F. (2003). Childhood-onset schizophrenia. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Asarnow, J. R., Asarnow, R. F., Hornstein, N., & Russell, A. (1991). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Developmental perspectives on schizophrenic disorders. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
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*Asarnow, J. R., Asarnow, R. F., Hornstein, N., & Russell, A. (1991). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Developmental perspectives on schizophrenic disorders. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Asarnow, J. R., & Ben-Meir, S. (1988). Children with schizophrenia spectrum and depressive disorders: A comparative study of premorbid adjustment, onset pattern and severity of impairment: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 29(4) Jul 1988, 477-488.
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*Asarnow, J. R., & Ben-Meir, S. (1988). Children with schizophrenia spectrum and depressive disorders: A comparative study of premorbid adjustment, onset pattern and severity of impairment: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 29(4) Jul 1988, 477-488.
Asarnow, J. R., Goldstein, M. J., & Ben-Meir, S. (1988). Parental communication deviance in childhood onset schizophrenia spectrum and depressive disorders: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 29(6) Nov 1988, 825-838.
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*Asarnow, J. R., Goldstein, M. J., & Ben-Meir, S. (1988). Parental communication deviance in childhood onset schizophrenia spectrum and depressive disorders: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 29(6) Nov 1988, 825-838.
Asarnow, J. R., & Tompson, M. C. (1999). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: A follow-up study: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 8(Suppl 1) 1999, 9-12.
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*Asarnow, J. R., & Tompson, M. C. (1999). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: A follow-up study: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 8(Suppl 1) 1999, 9-12.
Asarnow, J. R., Tompson, M. C., & Goldstein, M. J. (1994). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: A followup study: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 599-617.
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*Asarnow, J. R., Tompson, M. C., & Goldstein, M. J. (1994). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: A followup study: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 599-617.
Asarnow, J. R., Tompson, M. C., & Goldstein, M. J. (1994). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: A followup study: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 599-617.
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*Asarnow, J. R., Tompson, M. C., & McGrath, E. P. (2004). Annotation: Childhood-onset schizophrenia: clinical and treatment issues: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 45(2) Feb 2004, 180-194.
Asarnow, J. R., Tompson, M. C., & McGrath, E. P. (2004). Annotation: Childhood-onset schizophrenia: clinical and treatment issues: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 45(2) Feb 2004, 180-194.
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*Asarnow, R. (1992). Childhood-onset schizophrenia. New York, NY: Elsevier Science.
Asarnow, R. (1992). Childhood-onset schizophrenia. New York, NY: Elsevier Science.
 
 
Asarnow, R., Sherman, T., & Strandburg, R. (1986). The search for the psychobiological substrate of childhood onset schizophrenia: Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry Vol 25(5) Sep 1986, 601-614.
 
Asarnow, R., Sherman, T., & Strandburg, R. (1986). The search for the psychobiological substrate of childhood onset schizophrenia: Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry Vol 25(5) Sep 1986, 601-614.
Asarnow, R. F., Asamen, J., Granholm, E., & Sherman, T. (1994). Cognitive/neuropsychological studies of children with a schizophrenic disorder: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 647-669.
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*Asarnow, R. F., Asamen, J., Granholm, E., & Sherman, T. (1994). Cognitive/neuropsychological studies of children with a schizophrenic disorder: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 647-669.
Asarnow, R. F., & Asarnow, J. R. (1994). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Editors' introduction: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 591-597.
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*Asarnow, R. F., & Asarnow, J. R. (1994). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Editors' introduction: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 591-597.
Asarnow, R. F., & Asarnow, J. R. (1994). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Editors' introduction: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 591-597.
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*Asarnow, R. F., Brown, W., & Strandburg, R. (1995). Children with a schizophrenic disorder: Neurobehavioral studies: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience Vol 245(2) 1995, 70-79.
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*Asarnow, R. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., Subotnik, K. L., Fogelson, D. L., Torquato, R. D., Payne, D. L., et al. (2002). Neurocognitive impairments in nonpsychotic parents of children with schizophrenia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: The University of California, Los Angeles Family Study: Archives of General Psychiatry Vol 59(11) Nov 2002, 1053-1060.
Asarnow, R. F., Brown, W., & Strandburg, R. (1995). Children with a schizophrenic disorder: Neurobehavioral studies: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience Vol 245(2) 1995, 70-79.
 
Asarnow, R. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., Subotnik, K. L., Fogelson, D. L., Torquato, R. D., Payne, D. L., et al. (2002). Neurocognitive impairments in nonpsychotic parents of children with schizophrenia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: The University of California, Los Angeles Family Study: Archives of General Psychiatry Vol 59(11) Nov 2002, 1053-1060.
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*Asarnow, R. F., Tanguay, P. E., Bott, L., & Freeman, B. J. (1987). Patterns of intellectual functioning in non-retarded autistic and schizophrenic children: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 28(2) Mar 1987, 273-280.
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*Atlas, J. A. (1985). Symbolic expression as a variable distinguishing early infantile autism from childhood schizophrenia: Dissertation Abstracts International.
Asarnow, R. F., Tanguay, P. E., Bott, L., & Freeman, B. J. (1987). Patterns of intellectual functioning in non-retarded autistic and schizophrenic children: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 28(2) Mar 1987, 273-280.
 
Atlas, J. A. (1985). Symbolic expression as a variable distinguishing early infantile autism from childhood schizophrenia: Dissertation Abstracts International.
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*Baer, P. E. (1961). Problems in the differential diagnosis of brain damage and childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 31 1961, 728-737.
 
*Bahali, M. K., Tahiroglu, A. Y., & Avci, A. (2007). Obsessive-compulsive symptoms in childhood onset schizophrenia: A case report: Cocuk ve Genclik Ruh Sagligi Dergisi Vol 14(1) 2007, 33-37.
Baer, P. E. (1961). Problems in the differential diagnosis of brain damage and childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 31 1961, 728-737.
 
 
*Baltaxe, C. A. M., & Simmons, J. Q., III. (1995). Speech and language disorders in children and adolescents with schizophrenia: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 21(4) 1995, 677-692.
Bahali, M. K., Tahiroglu, A. Y., & Avci, A. (2007). Obsessive-compulsive symptoms in childhood onset schizophrenia: A case report: Cocuk ve Genclik Ruh Sagligi Dergisi Vol 14(1) 2007, 33-37.
 
Baltaxe, C. A. M., & Simmons, J. Q., III. (1995). Speech and language disorders in children and adolescents with schizophrenia: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 21(4) 1995, 677-692.
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*Baltaxe, C. A. M., & Simmons, J. Q., III. (1995). Speech and language disorders in children and adolescents with schizophrenia: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 21(4) 1995, 677-692.
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*Bashina, V. M. (1986). Correlation between premanifest dysontogenesis, the syndrome of Kanner's early infantile autism, and early infantile schizophrenia (according to follow-up findings): Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 86(3) 1986, 413-418.
Baltaxe, C. A. M., & Simmons, J. Q., III. (1995). Speech and language disorders in children and adolescents with schizophrenia: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 21(4) 1995, 677-692.
 
Bashina, V. M. (1986). Correlation between premanifest dysontogenesis, the syndrome of Kanner's early infantile autism, and early infantile schizophrenia (according to follow-up findings): Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 86(3) 1986, 413-418.
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*Bashina, V. M. (1986). Follow-up of patients with infantile schizophrenia running an unfavorable course: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 86(10) 1986, 1522-1527.
Bashina, V. M. (1986). Follow-up of patients with infantile schizophrenia running an unfavorable course: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 86(10) 1986, 1522-1527.
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*Bashina, V. M., & Simashkova, N. V. (1989). Course patterns of childhood schizophrenia with respect to long follow-up: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 89(8) 1989, 69-75.
Bashina, V. M., & Simashkova, N. V. (1989). Course patterns of childhood schizophrenia with respect to long follow-up: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 89(8) 1989, 69-75.
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*Bashina, V. M., & Simashkova, N. V. (1989). Peculiarities of early child schizophrenia with astheno-adynamic, adynamic and affective-catatonic attacks: Clinico-catamnestic investigation: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 89(1) 1989, 73-79.
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*Basina, V. M., & Simaskova, N. V. (1990). The course, prognosis, and systematization of childhood schizophrenia based on long-term follow-up: Psihijatrija Danas Vol 22(1) 1990, 87-98.
Bashina, V. M., & Simashkova, N. V. (1989). Peculiarities of early child schizophrenia with astheno-adynamic, adynamic and affective-catatonic attacks: Clinico-catamnestic investigation: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 89(1) 1989, 73-79.
 
Basina, V. M., & Simaskova, N. V. (1990). The course, prognosis, and systematization of childhood schizophrenia based on long-term follow-up: Psihijatrija Danas Vol 22(1) 1990, 87-98.
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*Beitchman, J. H. (1985). Childhood schizophrenia: A review and comparison with adult-onset schizophrenia: Psychiatric Clinics of North America Vol 8(4) Dec 1985, 793-814.
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*Belz, J. F., Drehmel, V. W., & Sivertsen, A. D. (1967). Volunteer: the Community's Participant in Treatment of Schizophrenic Children in a Day Care Program: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 37(2) 1967, 221-222.
Beitchman, J. H. (1985). Childhood schizophrenia: A review and comparison with adult-onset schizophrenia: Psychiatric Clinics of North America Vol 8(4) Dec 1985, 793-814.
 
Belz, J. F., Drehmel, V. W., & Sivertsen, A. D. (1967). Volunteer: the Community's Participant in Treatment of Schizophrenic Children in a Day Care Program: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 37(2) 1967, 221-222.
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*Bender, L. (1947). Childhood schizophrenia; clinical study of one hundred schizophrenic children: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 17 1947, 40-56.
Bender, L. (1947). Childhood schizophrenia; clinical study of one hundred schizophrenic children: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 17 1947, 40-56.
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*Bender, L. (1991). The historical background of the concept of childhood schizophrenia. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
 
*Bender, L., & Grugett, A. E., Jr. (1956). A study of certain epidemiological factors in a group of children with childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 26 1956, 131-145.
Bender, L. (1991). The historical background of the concept of childhood schizophrenia. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
 
Bender, L., & Grugett, A. E., Jr. (1956). A study of certain epidemiological factors in a group of children with childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 26 1956, 131-145.
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*Bennett, S., & Klein, H. R. (1966). Childhood schizophrenia: 30 years later: American Journal of Psychiatry 122(10) 1966, 1121-1124.
Bennett, S., & Klein, H. R. (1966). Childhood schizophrenia: 30 years later: American Journal of Psychiatry 122(10) 1966, 1121-1124.
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*Bertolino, A., Kumra, S., Callicott, J. H., Mattay, V. S., Lestz, R. M., Jacobsen, L., et al. (1998). Common pattern of cortical pathology in childhood-onset and adult-onset schizophrenia as identified by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 155(10) Oct 1998, 1376-1383.
Bertolino, A., Kumra, S., Callicott, J. H., Mattay, V. S., Lestz, R. M., Jacobsen, L., et al. (1998). Common pattern of cortical pathology in childhood-onset and adult-onset schizophrenia as identified by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 155(10) Oct 1998, 1376-1383.
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*Bhatara, V. S., Gupta, S., & Flugsrud-Breckenridge, M. (1998). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Archives of General Psychiatry Vol 55(1) Jan 1998, 90-91.
Bhatara, V. S., Gupta, S., & Flugsrud-Breckenridge, M. (1998). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: Archives of General Psychiatry Vol 55(1) Jan 1998, 90-91.
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*Bunk, D., Eggers, C., & Klapal, M. (1999). Symptom dimensions in the course of childhood-onset schizophrenia: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 8(Suppl 1) 1999, 29-35.
Bunk, D., Eggers, C., & Klapal, M. (1999). Symptom dimensions in the course of childhood-onset schizophrenia: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 8(Suppl 1) 1999, 29-35.
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*Burd, L., & Kerbeshian, J. (1987). A North Dakota prevalence study of schizophrenia presenting in childhood: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 26(3) May 1987, 347-350.
Burd, L., & Kerbeshian, J. (1987). A North Dakota prevalence study of schizophrenia presenting in childhood: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 26(3) May 1987, 347-350.
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*Byrne, P. (2007). Review of Juvenile-onset schizophrenia: Child and Adolescent Mental Health Vol 12(3) Sep 2007, 151-152.
Byrne, P. (2007). Review of Juvenile-onset schizophrenia: Child and Adolescent Mental Health Vol 12(3) Sep 2007, 151-152.
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*Cantor, S. (1988). Childhood schizophrenia. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
 
*Cantor, S., & Kestenbaum, C. (1986). Psychotherapy with schizophrenic children: Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry Vol 25(5) Sep 1986, 623-630.
Cantor, S. (1988). Childhood schizophrenia. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
 
 
*Caplan, R. (1994). Communication deficits in childhood schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 671-683.
Cantor, S., & Kestenbaum, C. (1986). Psychotherapy with schizophrenic children: Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry Vol 25(5) Sep 1986, 623-630.
 
Caplan, R. (1994). Communication deficits in childhood schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 671-683.
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*Caplan, R. (1996). Discourse deficits in childhood schizophrenia. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
 
*Caplan, R., Guthrie, D., & Komo, S. (1996). Conversational repair in schizophrenic and normal children: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 35(7) Jul 1996, 950-958.
Caplan, R. (1994). Communication deficits in childhood schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 671-683.
 
Caplan, R. (1996). Discourse deficits in childhood schizophrenia. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
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*Caplan, R., Guthrie, D., Tang, B., Komo, S., & Asarnow, R. F. (2000). Thought disorder in childhood schizophrenia: Replication and update of concept: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 39(6) Jun 2000, 771-778.
Caplan, R., Guthrie, D., & Komo, S. (1996). Conversational repair in schizophrenic and normal children: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 35(7) Jul 1996, 950-958.
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*Casanova, M. F., Carosella, N., & Kleinman, J. E. (1990). Neuropathological findings in a suspected case of childhood schizophrenia: Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences Vol 2(3) Sum 1990, 313-319.
Caplan, R., Guthrie, D., Tang, B., Komo, S., & Asarnow, R. F. (2000). Thought disorder in childhood schizophrenia: Replication and update of concept: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 39(6) Jun 2000, 771-778.
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*Chalasani, L., Kant, R., & Chengappa, K. N. R. (2001). Clozapine impact on clinical outcomes and aggression in severly ill adolescents with childhood-onset schizophrenia: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry Vol 46(10) Nov 2001, 965-968.
 
*Chambers, W. J. (1988). Late onset psychoses of childhood and adolescence. New York, NY: New York University Press.
Casanova, M. F., Carosella, N., & Kleinman, J. E. (1990). Neuropathological findings in a suspected case of childhood schizophrenia: Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences Vol 2(3) Sum 1990, 313-319.
 
Chalasani, L., Kant, R., & Chengappa, K. N. R. (2001). Clozapine impact on clinical outcomes and aggression in severly ill adolescents with childhood-onset schizophrenia: The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry / La Revue canadienne de psychiatrie Vol 46(10) Nov 2001, 965-968.
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*Cohen, D. (2001). Medication-free minors with schizophrenia: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 158(2) Feb 2001, 324.
Chalasani, L., Kant, R., & Chengappa, K. N. R. (2001). Clozapine impact on clinical outcomes and aggression in severly ill adolescents with childhood-onset schizophrenia: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry Vol 46(10) Nov 2001, 965-968.
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*Czudner, G. A. D., & Marshall, M. (1967). Simple Reaction Time in Schizophrenic, Retarded, and Normal Children under Regular and Irregular Preparatory Interval Conditions: Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Vol 21(5) 1967, 369-380.
 
*Des Lauriers, A., & Halpern, F. (1947). Psychological tests in childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 17 1947, 57-67.
Chambers, W. J. (1988). Late onset psychoses of childhood and adolescence. New York, NY: New York University Press.
 
Cohen, D. (2001). Medication-free minors with schizophrenia: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 158(2) Feb 2001, 324.
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*Deshimaru, M. (1998). Clinical feature of childhood onset of schizophrenia: Japanese Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 39(2) Mar-Apr 1998, 158-165.
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*Dulmus, C. N., & Smyth, N. J. (2000). Early-onset schizophrenia: A literature review of empirically based interventions: Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal Vol 17(1) Feb 2000, 55-69.
Czudner, G. A. D., & Marshall, M. (1967). Simple Reaction Time in Schizophrenic, Retarded, and Normal Children under Regular and Irregular Preparatory Interval Conditions: Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Vol 21(5) 1967, 369-380.
 
 
*Dunn, D. W., & McDougle, C. J. (2001). Childhood-onset schizophrenia. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers.
Des Lauriers, A., & Halpern, F. (1947). Psychological tests in childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 17 1947, 57-67.
 
Deshimaru, M. (1998). Clinical feature of childhood onset of schizophrenia: Japanese Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 39(2) Mar-Apr 1998, 158-165.
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*Eggers, C. (2001). A stimulus barrier model of early onset schizophrenia: An integrative etiological and therapeutic approach. Ashland, OH: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.
Dulmus, C. N., & Smyth, N. J. (2000). Early-onset schizophrenia: A literature review of empirically based interventions: Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal Vol 17(1) Feb 2000, 55-69.
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*Eggers, C., Bunk, D., & Krause, D. (2000). Schizophrenia with onset before the age of eleven: Clinical characteristics of onset and course: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders Vol 30(1) Feb 2000, 29-38.
Dunn, D. W., & McDougle, C. J. (2001). Childhood-onset schizophrenia. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers.
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*Eggers, C., Bunk, D., Volberg, G., & Ropcke, B. (1999). The ESSEN study of childhood-onset schizophrenia: Selected results: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 8(Suppl 1) 1999, 21-28.
 
*Einfeld, S. L., Andrews, D., Selig, R., Williams, G., & Smith, C. (2005). Schizophrenia in a 5-year-old: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry Vol 39(4) Apr 2005, 312.
Eggers, C. (2001). A stimulus barrier model of early onset schizophrenia: An integrative etiological and therapeutic approach. Ashland, OH: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.
 
 
*Erlenmeyer-Kimling, L., & Cornblatt, B. (1987). Implications for preventive intervention from prospective research on children at risk for schizophrenia. Rockville, MD: National Institute of Mental Health.
Eggers, C., Bunk, D., & Krause, D. (2000). Schizophrenia with onset before the age of eleven: Clinical characteristics of onset and course: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders Vol 30(1) Feb 2000, 29-38.
 
Eggers, C., Bunk, D., Volberg, G., & Ropcke, B. (1999). The ESSEN study of childhood-onset schizophrenia: Selected results: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 8(Suppl 1) 1999, 21-28.
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*Erwin, R. J., Edwards, R., Tanguay, P. E., Buchwald, J. S., & et al. (1986). Abnormal P300 responses in schizophrenic children: Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry Vol 25(5) Sep 1986, 615-622.
 
*Esman, A. H. (1960). Childhood psychosis and "childhood schizophrenia." American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 30 1960, 391-396.
Einfeld, S. L., Andrews, D., Selig, R., Williams, G., & Smith, C. (2005). Schizophrenia in a 5-year-old: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry Vol 39(4) Apr 2005, 312.
 
 
*Fabian, A. A., & Holden, M. A. (1951). Treatment of childhood schizophrenia in a child guidance clinic: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 21 1951, 571-583.
Erlenmeyer-Kimling, L., & Cornblatt, B. (1987). Implications for preventive intervention from prospective research on children at risk for schizophrenia. Rockville, MD: National Institute of Mental Health.
 
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+
*Tompson, M. C., & Asarnow, J. R. (2001). Conceptualization and treatment of childhood-onset schizophrenia. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Pergamon/Elsevier Science Inc.
 
*Tossell, J. W., Greenstein, D. K., Davidson, A. L., Job, S. B., Gochman, P., Lenane, M., et al. (2004). Stimulant Drug Treatment in Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia with Comorbid ADHD: An Open-Label Case Series: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Vol 14(3) Fal 2004, 448-454.
Strandburg, R. J., Marsh, J. T., Brown, W. S., Asarnow, R. F., & et al. (1995). "Information-processing deficits across childhood- and adult-onset schizophrenia": Erratum: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 21(2) 1995, 251.
 
Strandburg, R. J., Marsh, J. T., Brown, W. S., Asarnow, R. F., & et al. (1995). "Information-processing deficits across childhood- and adult-onset schizophrenia": Erratum: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 21(2) 1995, 251.
+
*Towbin, K. E., Dykens, E. M., Pearson, G. S., & Cohen, D. J. (1993). Conceptualizing "borderline syndrome of childhood" and "childhood schizophrenia" as a developmental disorder: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 32(4) Jul 1993, 775-782.
Taft, L. T., & Goldfarb, W. (1964). Prenatal and perinatal factors in childhood schizophrenia: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 6(1) 1964, 32-43.
+
*Towbin, K. E., Dykens, E. M., & Pugliese, R. G. (1994). Clozapine for early developmental delays with childhood-onset schizophrenia: Protocol and 15-month outcome: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 33(5) Jun 1994, 651-657.
Tanguay, P. E., & Cantor, S. L. (1986). Schizophrenia in children: Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry Vol 25(5) Sep 1986, 591-594.
+
*Tsiantis, J., Macri, I., & Maratos, O. (1986). Schizophrenia in Children: A Review of European Research: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 12(1) 1986, 101-119.
Terris, M., Lapouse, R., & Monk, M. A. (1964). The relation of prematurity and previous fetal loss to childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Psychiatry 121(5) 1964, 476-481.
+
*Turetz, M., Mozes, T., Toren, P., Chernauzan, N., Yoran-Hegesh, R., Mester, R., et al. (1997). An open trial of clozapine in neuroleptic-resistant childhood-onset schizophrenia: British Journal of Psychiatry Vol 170 Jun 1997, 507-510.
 
*Usiskin, S. I., Nicholson, R., Krasnewich, D. M., Yah, W., Lenane, M., Wudarsky, M., et al. (1999). Velocardiofacial syndrome in childhood-onset schizophrenia: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 38(12) Dec 1999, 1536-1543.
Thomsen, P. H. (1996). Schizophrenia with childhood and adolescent onset: A nationwide register-based study: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Vol 94(3) Sep 1996, 187-193.
 
Tompson, M. C., & Asarnow, J. R. (2001). Conceptualization and treatment of childhood-onset schizophrenia. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Pergamon/Elsevier Science Inc.
+
*Volkmar, F. R. (1991). Childhood schizophrenia. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins Co.
  +
*Volkmar, F. R. (1996). Childhood and adolescent psychosis: A review of the past 10 years: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 35(7) Jul 1996, 843-851.
Tossell, J. W., Greenstein, D. K., Davidson, A. L., Job, S. B., Gochman, P., Lenane, M., et al. (2004). Stimulant Drug Treatment in Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia with Comorbid ADHD: An Open-Label Case Series: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Vol 14(3) Fal 2004, 448-454.
 
 
*Volkmar, F. R. (2000). Childhood schizophrenia: Developmental aspects. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Towbin, K. E., Dykens, E. M., Pearson, G. S., & Cohen, D. J. (1993). Conceptualizing "borderline syndrome of childhood" and "childhood schizophrenia" as a developmental disorder: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 32(4) Jul 1993, 775-782.
 
Towbin, K. E., Dykens, E. M., & Pugliese, R. G. (1994). Clozapine for early developmental delays with childhood-onset schizophrenia: Protocol and 15-month outcome: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 33(5) Jun 1994, 651-657.
+
*Vrono, M. S. (1986). Possibilities of childhood schizophrenia prophylaxis: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 86(10) 1986, 1514-1517.
 
*Ward, T. F., & Hoddinott, B. A. (1965). A study of childhood schizophrenia and early infantile autism: I. Description of the sample: The Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal / La Revue de l'Association des psychiatres du Canada 10(5) 1965, 377-382.
Tsiantis, J., Macri, I., & Maratos, O. (1986). Schizophrenia in Children: A Review of European Research: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 12(1) 1986, 101-119.
 
 
*Ward, T. F., & Hoddinott, B. A. (1965). A study of childhood schizophrenia and early infantile autism: II. Selection of a group for in-patient treatment: The Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal / La Revue de l'Association des psychiatres du Canada 10(5) 1965, 382-386.
Tsiantis, J., Macri, I., & Maratos, O. (1986). Schizophrenia in Children: A Review of European Research: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 12(1) 1986, 101-119.
 
Turetz, M., Mozes, T., Toren, P., Chernauzan, N., Yoran-Hegesh, R., Mester, R., et al. (1997). An open trial of clozapine in neuroleptic-resistant childhood-onset schizophrenia: British Journal of Psychiatry Vol 170 Jun 1997, 507-510.
+
*Watkins, J. M., Asarnow, R. F., & Tanguay, P. E. (1988). Symptom development in childhood onset schizophrenia: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 29(6) Nov 1988, 865-878.
Usiskin, S. I., Nicholson, R., Krasnewich, D. M., Yah, W., Lenane, M., Wudarsky, M., et al. (1999). Velocardiofacial syndrome in childhood-onset schizophrenia: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 38(12) Dec 1999, 1536-1543.
+
*Weil, A. P. (1953). Clinical data and dynamic considerations in certain cases of childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 23 1953, 518-529.
 
*Weizman, R., Deutsch, L. H., & Deutsch, S. I. (1990). Neuroendocrine abnormalities in autism and schizophrenic disorder of childhood. New York, NY, England: Plenum Medical Book Co/Plenum Press.
Volkmar, F. R. (1991). Childhood schizophrenia. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins Co.
 
 
*Werkman, S. L. (1959). Present trends in schizophrenia research: Implications for childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 29 Jul 1959, 473-480.
Volkmar, F. R. (1996). Childhood and adolescent psychosis: A review of the past 10 years: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol 35(7) Jul 1996, 843-851.
 
 
*Werry, J. S. (1992). Child and adolescent (early onset) schizophrenia: A review in light of DSM-III--R: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders Vol 22(4) Dec 1992, 601-624.
Volkmar, F. R. (2000). Childhood schizophrenia: Developmental aspects. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
 
 
*Werry, J. S. (1996). Childhood schizophrenia. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Vrono, M. S. (1986). Possibilities of childhood schizophrenia prophylaxis: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 86(10) 1986, 1514-1517.
 
 
*Werry, J. S., McClellan, J. M., Andrews, L. K., & Ham, M. (1994). Clinical features and outcome of child and adolescent schizophrenia: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 619-630.
Ward, T. F., & Hoddinott, B. A. (1965). A study of childhood schizophrenia and early infantile autism: I. Description of the sample: The Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal / La Revue de l'Association des psychiatres du Canada 10(5) 1965, 377-382.
 
 
*White, L. (1974). Organic factors and psychophysiology in childhood schizophrenia: Psychological Bulletin Vol 81(4) Apr 1974, 238-255.
Ward, T. F., & Hoddinott, B. A. (1965). A study of childhood schizophrenia and early infantile autism: II. Selection of a group for in-patient treatment: The Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal / La Revue de l'Association des psychiatres du Canada 10(5) 1965, 382-386.
 
Watkins, J. M., Asarnow, R. F., & Tanguay, P. E. (1988). Symptom development in childhood onset schizophrenia: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 29(6) Nov 1988, 865-878.
+
*Winnicott, D. W. (1997). The etiology of infantile schizophrenia in terms of adaptive failure: Richard e Piggle Vol 5(2) May-Aug 1997, 135-138.
 
*Wolff, S. (1989). Schizoid disorders of childhood and adolescence. Oxford, England: John Wiley & Sons.
Weil, A. P. (1953). Clinical data and dynamic considerations in certain cases of childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 23 1953, 518-529.
 
 
*Woody, R. C., Bolyard, K., Eisenhauer, G., & Altschuler, L. (1987). CT scan and MRI findings in a child with schizophrenia: Journal of Child Neurology Vol 2(2) Apr 1987, 105-110.
Weizman, R., Deutsch, L. H., & Deutsch, S. I. (1990). Neuroendocrine abnormalities in autism and schizophrenic disorder of childhood. New York, NY, England: Plenum Medical Book Co/Plenum Press.
 
Werkman, S. L. (1959). Present trends in schizophrenia research: Implications for childhood schizophrenia: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 29 Jul 1959, 473-480.
+
*Wundheiler, L. N. (1972). The significance of nonhuman objects for normal and schizophrenic children: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry Vol 42(5) Oct 1972, 816-824.
 
*Yaker, H. M., & Goldberg, B. R. (1963). Some preliminary comparisons of phenylketonuria with childhood schizophrenia: Pennsylvania Psychiatric Quarterly 3(4) 1963, 10-17.
Werry, J. S. (1992). Child and adolescent (early onset) schizophrenia: A review in light of DSM-III--R: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders Vol 22(4) Dec 1992, 601-624.
 
 
*Yi-Qin, Y., & Hou-De, C. (2003). A preliminary study on characteristics of brain laterality in patients with childhood onset schizophrenia: Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology Vol 11(2) May 2003, 111-112.
Werry, J. S. (1996). Childhood schizophrenia. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
 
Werry, J. S., McClellan, J. M., Andrews, L. K., & Ham, M. (1994). Clinical features and outcome of child and adolescent schizophrenia: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 619-630.
+
*Yuan, S., Lai, S., Jiang, L., Wei, Y., Tu, F., Liang, C., et al. (2001). A study on characteristics and relevant factors of adaptive behaviours in schizophrenic children: Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology Vol 9(1) 2001, 54-55.
Werry, J. S., McClellan, J. M., Andrews, L. K., & Ham, M. (1994). Clinical features and outcome of child and adolescent schizophrenia: Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 20(4) 1994, 619-630.
+
*Zahn, T. P., Jacobsen, L. K., Gordon, C. T., McKenna, K., Frazier, J. A., & Rapoport, J. L. (1997). Autonomic nervous system markers of psychopathology in childhood-onset schizophrenia: Archives of General Psychiatry Vol 54(10) Oct 1997, 904-912.
White, L. (1974). Organic factors and psychophysiology in childhood schizophrenia: Psychological Bulletin Vol 81(4) Apr 1974, 238-255.
+
*Zahn, T. P., Jacobsen, L. K., Gordon, C. T., McKenna, K., Frazier, J. A., & Rapoport, J. L. (1998). Attention deficits in childhood-onset schizophrenia: Reaction time studies: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 107(1) Feb 1998, 97-108.
 
*Zalunene, E. V. (1991). Hypochondriac syndrome in the initial period of juvenile schizophrenia: Psychopathological features, typology, prognosis: Psihijatrija Danas Vol 23(3) 1991, 201-206.
Winnicott, D. W. (1997). The etiology of infantile schizophrenia in terms of adaptive failure: Richard e Piggle Vol 5(2) May-Aug 1997, 135-138.
 
 
*Zhalyunene, E. V. (1990). The clinical typology and prognostic evaluation of hypochondriac debuts of juvenile schizophrenia: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 90(7) 1990, 66-71.
Wolff, S. (1989). Schizoid disorders of childhood and adolescence. Oxford, England: John Wiley & Sons.
 
Woody, R. C., Bolyard, K., Eisenhauer, G., & Altschuler, L. (1987). CT scan and MRI findings in a child with schizophrenia: Journal of Child Neurology Vol 2(2) Apr 1987, 105-110.
 
Wundheiler, L. N. (1972). The significance of nonhuman objects for normal and schizophrenic children: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry Vol 42(5) Oct 1972, 816-824.
 
Yaker, H. M., & Goldberg, B. R. (1963). Some preliminary comparisons of phenylketonuria with childhood schizophrenia: Pennsylvania Psychiatric Quarterly 3(4) 1963, 10-17.
 
Yi-Qin, Y., & Hou-De, C. (2003). A preliminary study on characteristics of brain laterality in patients with childhood onset schizophrenia: Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology Vol 11(2) May 2003, 111-112.
 
Yuan, S., Lai, S., Jiang, L., Wei, Y., Tu, F., Liang, C., et al. (2001). A study on characteristics and relevant factors of adaptive behaviours in schizophrenic children: Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology Vol 9(1) 2001, 54-55.
 
Zahn, T. P., Jacobsen, L. K., Gordon, C. T., McKenna, K., Frazier, J. A., & Rapoport, J. L. (1997). Autonomic nervous system markers of psychopathology in childhood-onset schizophrenia: Archives of General Psychiatry Vol 54(10) Oct 1997, 904-912.
 
Zahn, T. P., Jacobsen, L. K., Gordon, C. T., McKenna, K., Frazier, J. A., & Rapoport, J. L. (1998). Attention deficits in childhood-onset schizophrenia: Reaction time studies: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 107(1) Feb 1998, 97-108.
 
Zahn, T. P., Jacobsen, L. K., Gordon, C. T., McKenna, K., Frazier, J. A., & Rapoport, J. L. (1998). Attention deficits in childhood-onset schizophrenia: Reaction time studies: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 107(1) Feb 1998, 97-108.
 
Zalunene, E. V. (1991). Hypochondriac syndrome in the initial period of juvenile schizophrenia: Psychopathological features, typology, prognosis: Psihijatrija Danas Vol 23(3) 1991, 201-206.
 
Zhalyunene, E. V. (1990). The clinical typology and prognostic evaluation of hypochondriac debuts of juvenile schizophrenia: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S S Korsakova Vol 90(7) 1990, 66-71.
 
 
   
   
  +
[[Category:Child clinical psychology]]
  +
[[Category:Child psychiatry]]
  +
[[Category:Childhood psychosis]]
 
[[Category:Schizophrenia]]
 
[[Category:Schizophrenia]]

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Childhood schizophrenia is the occurence of schizophrenia in children and adolescents

See also[edit | edit source]





References[edit | edit source]

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