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|Nerve: Cervical plexus|
|Dermatome distribution of the trigeminal nerve (Superficial cervical plexus visible in purple, at center bottom.)|
|Gray's||subject #210 925|
The cervical plexus is a plexus of the ventral rami of the first four cervical spinal nerves which are located from C1 to C4 cervical segment in the neck. They are located laterally to the transverse processes between prevertebral muscles from the medial side and vertebral (m.scalenus, m.levator scapulae, m.splenius cervicis) from lateral side. Here there is anastomosis with accessory nerve, hypoglossal nerve and sympathetic trunk.
It is located in the neck, deep to sternocleidomastoid. Nerves formed from the cervical plexus innervate the back of the head, as well as some neck muscles. The branches of the cervical plexus emerge from the posterior triangle at the nerve point, a point which lies midway on the posterior border of the Sternocleidomastoid.
Has three types of branches: cutaneous, muscular, and mixed.
- Cutaneous (4 branches):
- Lesser occipital nerve - innervates lateral part of occipital region (C2,C3)
- Greater auricular nerve - innervates skin near concha auricle and external acoustic meatus (C2&C3)
- Transverse cervical nerve - innervates anterior region of neck (C2&C3)
- Supraclavicular nerves - innervate region of suprascapularis,shoulder, and upper thoracic region (C3,C4)
- ansa cervicalis, etc. (omohyoid, sternothyroid, sternohyoid, omohyoid)
- Memorial University of Newfoundland - Anatomy at MUN nerve/cerplex
- SUNY Figs 25:03-02 - "Diagram of the cervical plexus"
- Dictionary at eMedicine Cervical+plexus
- Mnemonic at medicalmnemonics.com 268
Nerves: spinal nerves
anterior (Coccygeal plexus) - posterior (Posterior branch of coccygeal nerve)
|Nerves of head and neck: the cervical plexus|
|superficial: (lesser occipital - greater auricular - transverse cervical - supraclavicular) - deep: (ansa cervicalis - phrenic)|
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