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Café au lait spot
Classification and external resources
A café au lait spot on a patient's left cheek.
ICD-10 L813
ICD-9 709.09
DiseasesDB 16118
eMedicine ped/2754
MeSH D019080

Café au lait spots or Café au lait macules are pigmented birthmarks.[1] The name café au lait is French for "coffee with milk" and refers to their light-brown color. They are also called "giraffe spots" or "coast of Maine spots."[2]

Etiology[edit | edit source]

File:NF-1-Tache cafe-au-lait.jpg

Neurofibromatosis type I café au lait spot

Café au lait spots can arise from diverse and unrelated causes:[3][4]

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

Diagnosis is visual with measurement of spot size and count of number of spots having clinical significance for diagnosis of associated disorders such as Neurofibromatosis type I. Usually, more than 6 spots more than 3 cm in diameter indicates NF1.

Prognosis[edit | edit source]

Café au lait spots are benign and do not cause any ailment themselves.

Treatment[edit | edit source]

They can be treated with lasers.[7]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Plensdorf S, Martinez J (January 2009). Common pigmentation disorders. American Family Physician 79 (2): 109–16.
  2. coast of Maine spots - General Practice Notebook
  3. "Cafe Au Lait Spots", by William D James, MD
  4. Cafe Au Lait Spots
  5. Arnsmeier, Sheryl L. (1994). Familial Multiple Cafe au lait Spots. Arch Dermatol. 130 (11): 1425–1426.
  6. Whyte, M. P. (2000). Café-au-lait spots caused by vitiligo in McCune-Albright syndrome. J Bone Miner Res. 15 (12): 2521–2523.
  7. Scheinfeld, Noah S. (2011). Laser Treatment of Benign Pigmented Lesions.

External links[edit | edit source]

Template:Pigmentation disorders

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