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|Classification and external resources|
Birth trauma can refer to:
(P10-P15) Birth trauma
- (P14) Birth injury to peripheral nervous system
- (P140) Erb's paralysis due to birth injury
- (P141) Klumpke's paralysis due to birth injury
- (P142) Phrenic nerve paralysis due to birth injury
- (P143) Other brachial plexus birth injuries
- (P148) Birth injuries to other parts of peripheral nervous system
- (P149) Birth injury to peripheral nervous system, unspecified
Signs and symptoms
Sequelae can occur in both the mother and the infant after a traumatic birth.
Well any number of injuries may occur during the birthing process. A number of specific conditions are well described. Brachial plexus palsy occurs in 0.4 to 5.1 infants per 1000 live birth. Head trauma during delivery can lead to a number of conditions include: caput succedaneum, cephalohematoma, subgaleal hemorrhage, subdural hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, epidural hemorrhage, and intraventricular hemorrhage.
The most common fracture during delivery is that of the clavicle (0.5%).
Risk factors include vacuum extraction and the use of forceps.
Effects on the child
Effects on the mother
A very painful labour, particularly if it produces longer term incapacity, for example reqiring intensive care, can disrupt the formation of the maternal bond
- Birth Trauma Association
- Birth anoxia
- Fetal distress
- Obstetrical complications
- Postsurgical complications
- Pre- and perinatal psychology
- Premature birth
- Postmature birth
Pathology of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O, 630-676)
|Complications of pregnancy||
|Obstetric labor complications||
Preterm birth · Postmature birth · Cephalopelvic disproportion · Dystocia (Shoulder dystocia) · Fetal distress · Vasa praevia · Uterine rupture · Hemorrhage (Postpartum) · placenta (Placenta accreta) · Umbilical cord prolapse · Amniotic fluid embolism
Puerperal fever · Peripartum cardiomyopathy · Postpartum thyroiditis · Galactorrhea · Postpartum depression · Diastasis symphysis pubis
Birth trauma is uncommon in the Western world in relation to rates in the third world. In the West injury occurs in 1.1% of C-sections.
Template:Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period
- Andersen J, Watt J, Olson J, Van Aerde J (February 2006). Perinatal brachial plexus palsy. Paediatr Child Health 11 (2): 93–100.
- Beall MH, Ross MG (December 2001). Clavicle fracture in labor: risk factors and associated morbidities. J Perinatol 21 (8): 513–5.
- Beck CT (2009). Birth trauma and its sequelae. J Trauma Dissociation 10 (2): 189–203.
- Demissie K, Rhoads GG, Smulian JC, et al. (July 2004). Operative vaginal delivery and neonatal and infant adverse outcomes: population based retrospective analysis. BMJ 329 (7456): 24–9.
- (2002). Mortality and Burden of Disease Estimates for WHO Member States in 2002. (xls) World Health Organization.
- Alexander JM, Leveno KJ, Hauth J, et al. (October 2006). Fetal injury associated with cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol 108 (4): 885–90.