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Medical meanings[edit | edit source]
- Childbirth is the process at the end of a human pregnancy that results in a baby being born.
- Natural childbirth is the technique of minimizing medical intervention, particularly anaesthetics, during childbirth.
- Unassisted childbirth (UC) is birth without the aid of medical or professional birth attendants. Also known as Freebirth
- Multiple birth is the birth of two (twins), three (triplets), four (quadruplets), etc., babies resulting from a single pregnancy.
- Birth canal is the term used for the vagina during birth, as it is the route through which the infant passes during a vaginal birth.
- Caesarean section or C-Section is surgical birth through the wall of the abdomen.
- Birth pangs are the pains felt by the mother during labour, resulting from contractions of the uterus and pressure on nerves and organs.
- Lotus Birth is the practice of leaving the umbilical cord uncut after birth so that the baby is left attached to its placenta until the cord naturally separates
- Afterbirth is the delivery of the placenta following the delivery of the infant.
- Birth control methods are devices, medications or behavior patterns to reduce the probability of pregnancy.
Complications[edit | edit source]
- Infertility treatments are devices, medications, or behavior patterns to increase the probability of pregnancy.
- Premature birth is the birth of an infant before the full term of pregnancy.
- Birth defect is a physical or mental abnormality present at the time of birth.
- Stillbirth is the birth of a dead fetus or an infant.
- Birth trauma is a theory in Pre & Perinatal psychology and natural medicine that the baby experiences extreme pain during the birthing process and that this pain influences the child later in life.
- Obstetrical complications
Legal meanings[edit | edit source]
- Birthday is a day to celebrate that the person has lived a certain number of years. It is an annual event based either on the anniversary of a person's date of birth, or on astrological birthtime calculations.
- Birth certificate is a legal document describing details of a person's birth.
- A nuclear family comprising the father, mother, brother or sister, is an institution where the members are related by birth.
- In some countries a person is considered of illegitimate birth if the child is born of parents not legally married to each other.
Metaphorical meanings[edit | edit source]
The term birth is used metaphorically to refer to a beginning, especially of a natural phenomenon, one that is impressive in its scope or complexity, or one that is viewed favorably.
Fear of childbirth[edit | edit source]
In 2000, an article published in the British Journal of Psychiatry (2000, 176: 83-85) described the fear of childbirth as a psychological disorder, when it had previously received little to no attention as such, in addition to introducing the term tokophobia (from the Greek tokos, meaning childbirth and phobos, meaning fear).
- Main article: Fear of childbirth
Associated difficulties[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- Attitudes to childbirth
- Birth injuries
- Birth rate
- Birth rites
- Birth weight
- Childbirth training
- Home birth
- Hypnotherapy in childbirth
- Initial formation of the human maternal bond
- Labor (childbirth)
- Perinatal period
- Pre- and perinatal psychology
- Season of birth
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