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'''Behaviorism''' or '''behaviourism''' is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that [[behavior]] can be researched [[Scientific method|scientifically]] without recourse to inner mental states. It is a form of [[materialism]], denying any independent significance for the mind. Its significance for psychological treatment has been profound, making it one of the pillars of [[psychological]] therapy.
 
'''Behaviorism''' or '''behaviourism''' is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that [[behavior]] can be researched [[Scientific method|scientifically]] without recourse to inner mental states. It is a form of [[materialism]], denying any independent significance for the mind. Its significance for psychological treatment has been profound, making it one of the pillars of [[psychological]] therapy.
   
 
One of the assumptions of many behaviorists is that [[free will]] is [[illusion|illusory]], and that all behaviour is [[determinism|determined]] by a [[nature versus nurture|combination of forces]] comprised of [[Genetics|genetic factors]] and the [[environment]], either through [[classical conditioning|association]] or [[Operant conditioning|reinforcement]].
 
One of the assumptions of many behaviorists is that [[free will]] is [[illusion|illusory]], and that all behaviour is [[determinism|determined]] by a [[nature versus nurture|combination of forces]] comprised of [[Genetics|genetic factors]] and the [[environment]], either through [[classical conditioning|association]] or [[Operant conditioning|reinforcement]].
   
The behaviorist school of thought ran concurrent with the [[psychoanalysis]] movement in psychology in the 20th century. Its main influences were [[Ivan Pavlov]], who investigated classical conditioning, [[John B. Watson]] (1878-1958) who rejected [[Introspection|introspective methods]] and sought to restrict psychology to [[Experimental psychology|experimental methods]]. [[B.F. Skinner]] sought to give [[Ethics|ethical]] grounding to behaviorism, relating it to [[pragmatism]].
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The behaviorist school of thought ran concurrent with the [[psychoanalysis]] movement in psychology in the [[20th century]]. Its main influences were [[Ivan Pavlov]], who investigated classical conditioning, [[John B. Watson]] (1878-1958) who rejected [[Introspection|introspective methods]] and sought to restrict psychology to [[Experimental psychology|experimental methods]]. [[B.F. Skinner]] sought to give [[Ethics|ethical]] grounding to behaviorism, relating it to [[pragmatism]].
   
 
==Approaches==
 
==Approaches==

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