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In aversion conditioning a neutral stimuli is put in temporal-spatial proximity with an aversive stimulus and in time becomes aversive in its own right.
For example conditioned taste aversion conditioning occurs when taste of a certain food elicits with symptoms caused by a toxic, spoiled, or poisonous substance. Generally, taste aversion is caused after ingestion of the food causes nausea, or vomiting.
- Garcia J, Kimeldorf DJ, Koelling RA. (1955). Conditioned aversion to saccharin resulting from exposure to gamma radiation. Science, 122(3160), 157-158.