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Auditory neuropathy (AN) is a variety of hearing loss in which the outer hair cells within the cochlea are present and functional, but sound information is not faithfully transmitted to the auditory nerve and brain properly. Also known as Auditory Neuropathy/Auditory Dys-synchrony (AN/AD) or Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder(ANSD).
A neuropathy simply refers to a disease of the peripheral nerve or nerves.
Possible Sites of Lesion
|Gray's||subject #232 1057|
Based on clinical testing of subjects with auditory neuropathy, the disruption in the stream of sound information has been localized to one or more of three probable locations: the inner hair cells of the cochlea, the synapse between the inner hair cells and the auditory nerve, or a lesion of the ascending auditory nerve itself .
Diagnosing Auditory Neuropathy
Diagnosis is possible after a test battery, that must necessarily include the following: the auditory brainstem response and otoacoustic emissions. Auditory brainstem response should be tested with both polarites (helps in identifying Cochlear Microphonics ).
Auditory neuropathy is diagnosed when a person has present Otoacoustic Emissions and/or Cochlear Microphonics in combination with absent or abnormal Auditory Brainstem Response.
Residual Auditory Function
When testing the auditory system, there really is no characteristic presentation on the audiogram.
When diagnosing someone with auditory neuropathy, there is no characteristic level of functioning either. People can present relatively little dysfunction other than problems of hearing noise, or can present as completely deaf and gaining no useful information from auditory signals.
Hearing aids are sometimes prescribed, with mixed success.
Some people with auditory neuropathy obtain cochlear implants, also with mixed success.
A Note To Parents
Universal Newborn Hearing Screenings (UNHS) is mandated in a majority of the United States. Auditory neuropathy is sometimes difficult to catch right away, even with these precautions in place. Parental suspicion of a hearing loss is a trustworthy screening tool for hearing loss too, so if one is suspected, that is sufficient reason to seek a hearing evaluation from an audiologist.
- Sensorineural hearing impairment
- Auditory processing disorder
- Hearing aids
- Cochlear implant
- Auditory Brainstem Response
- Otoacoustic emissions
- Starr, A., Picton, T.W.; Sininger, Y.; Hood, L.J.; Berlin, C.I. (1996). Auditory Neuropathy. Brain. 119: 741–753.
- Auditory neuropathy: What is it and what can we do about it? from the LSU Medical School
- Auditory Neuropathy Information site
- Auditory Neuropathy by Timothy C. Hain, MD
- Simulation A simulation of what auditory neuropathy "sounds like."
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