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An argument is a statement (premise) or group of statements (premises) offered in support of another statement (conclusion). Argument may refer to:

General types of argument[]

  • Argument form, a method of logically analyzing sentences
  • Argument map, a method of displaying an informal argument
  • Argumentation theory, the science and theory of civil debates
  • deductive argument, if valid, the conclusion follows by necessity
  • inductive argument, if strong, the conclusion is, at best, probably true
  • "Informal argument", in Informal logic is one presented in ordinary language
  • logical argument, a demonstration of a proof, or using logical reasoning for persuasion
  • oral argument, a verbal presentation to a judge by a lawyer
  • heuristic argument, a proof or demonstration relying on experimental results, or one which is not fully rigorous

Specific arguments[]

  • ontological argument, a proof by intuition or reason for the existence of God
  • political argument, the use of logic rather than propaganda in promoting political ideas
  • practical arguments, the structure of a persuasive argument
  • doublespeak argument, the use of misleading or irrelevant reasoning by one side during a debate

Mathematics, science and linguistics[]

  • In mathematics, science (including computer science), linguistics and engineering, an argument is, generally speaking, an independent variable or input to a function.

See also[]

  • [[Debates==